Int J Rheum Dis. 2023 Nov 6. doi: 10.1111/1756-185X.14905. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of all-cause, specific mortality among patients with fibromyalgia, which is a controversial topic.
METHODS: We conducted a thorough search for cohort studies across the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases, from their inception to 1 March 2023, using medical subject headings and relevant keywords. All data were meticulously analyzed using Stata statistical software version 16.0. The protocol was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42023402337).
RESULTS: After analyzing seven cohort studies involving 152 933 individuals published between 2001 and 2020, we found no clear evidence linking fibromyalgia or widespread pain to all-cause mortality risk (odds ratio [OR] 1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.81-1.53; I2 = 82.6%, p = .505). However, our subgroup analysis revealed that the risk of suicide was significantly higher in fibromyalgia patients compared with non-fibromyalgia patients (OR 5.39, 95% CI 2.16-13.43; I2 = 69.9%, p < .05).
CONCLUSIONS: Our research did not discover any proof indicating a link between fibromyalgia or widespread pain and all-cause mortality. However, it is worth noting that there may be a potential correlation between individuals with fibromyalgia or widespread pain and a higher likelihood of suicide. As we had a limited number of participants in our study, further research is necessary to thoroughly investigate the relationship between these factors.