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Effect of knee osteoarthritis on the postoperative outcome of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation in the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly: a retrospective analysis

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2023 Nov 8;24(1):868. doi: 10.1186/s12891-023-07012-6.


BACKGROUND: The proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) is a commonly used internal fixation system for intertrochanteric fractures (IFs) in older adults. Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a degenerative lower extremity disease that occurs most frequently in the elderly. Some patients have already had KOA before the IFs. However, whether KOA impacts the postoperative outcome of IFs has not been reported.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of KOA on the fracture side on the outcome after PFNA for IFs in the elderly.

METHODS: Between January 2016 and November 2021, 297 elderly patients treated with PFNA for IFs were enrolled in this study. They were divided into two groups according to the American Rheumatism Association KOA clinical and radiographic criteria: the control group and the KOA group. Intraoperative bleeding, operative time, length of hospital stay, postoperative time out of bed, fracture healing time, postoperative complications, postoperative Harris hip function score, and Barthel ability to daily living Score were compared between the two groups. Follow-up was routinely scheduled at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively.

RESULTS: Based on the exclusion criteria, 254 patients who met the requirements were left to be included in this study, including the control group (n = 133) and the KOA group (n = 121). Patients were followed up for a mean of 17.5 months (12-24 months). There was no significant difference between the two groups in preoperative demographic data, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, and length of stay in the hospital. The control group was statistically significant compared to the KOA group in terms of postoperative time out of bed (17.8 ± 4.0 days vs. 19.1 ± 5.8 days), fracture healing time (13.7 ± 2.2 weeks vs. 14.6 ± 3.7 weeks), and postoperative complications (12.8 vs. 23.1%). The Harris hip function score and Barthel ability to daily living score were higher in the control group than in the KOA group at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively (the control group: 63.8 ± 10.9, 71.8 ± 10.3, 81.5 ± 8.7, and 91.6 ± 6.3 vs. The KOA group 61.0 ± 10.4, 68.6 ± 9.1, 79.0 ± 9.2, and 88.5 ± 5.9).

CONCLUSIONS: In elderly patients with IFs combined with KOA of the fracture side treated with PFNA internal fixation, KOA increases the incidence of postoperative complications of the fracture, prolongs postoperative time out of bed and fracture healing, and reduces postoperative hip function and ability to daily living. Therefore, treating KOA on the fractured side needs to be considered when treating IFs in the elderly.

PMID:37940993 | DOI:10.1186/s12891-023-07012-6

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