Sci Rep. 2023 Nov 11;13(1):19659. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-46335-1.
The prognosis for the WHO grade 4 IDH-mutant astrocytoma is better than IDH-wildtype glioblastoma (GBM) patients. The purpose of this study is to explore the potential mechanism of how IDH1 mutation can increase the efficacy of radiotherapy and to establish a risk-score model to predict the efficacy of radiotherapy in WHO grade 4 gliomas. First, we conducted experimental study on the effect of IDH1R132H mutation on glioma cells in vitro. Radiosensitivity of glioma cells was detected by γ-H2AX after 5 Gy radiation. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were determined respectively by CCK-8, EDU, monolayer cell migration scratch assay and Transwell assay. Then we analyzed IDH1 gene status and the survival of WHO grade 4 glioma patients received radiotherapy in our center and verified our results by analyzing CGGA and TCGA database. For the risk-score model, we use CGGA data to find genetic differences between WHO grade 4 IDH-mutant astrocytoma and IDH-wildtype GBM patients, and determined a 4-gene radiotherapy-related signature through survival analysis by R software. Evaluation and verification through different glioma validation sets and different statistical methods. For in vitro experiments, we established glioma cells stably overexpressing IDH1 wild-type and IDH1-mutant proteins. γ-H2AX assay showed that IDH1-mutant glioma cells had higher radiosensitivity than wild-type. CCK-8 and EDU assay showed that proliferation capacity of IDH1-mutant glioma cells declined. Transwell assay and monolayer cell migration scratch assay also showed that IDH1-mutant glioma cells reduced migration and invasion capabilities. Among the 83 WHO grade 4 glioma patients who received radiotherapy in our center, WHO grade 4 IDH-mutant astrocytoma patients had longer OS and PFS versus IDH-wildtype GBM (P = 0.0336, P = 0.0324, respectively). TCGA and CGGA database analysis had the similar results. Through complex analysis of CGGA and TCGA databases, we established a risk-model that can predict the efficacy of radiotherapy for WHO grade 4 glioma patients. The 4-gene radiotherapy-related signature including ADD3, GRHPR, RHBDL1 and SLC9A9. Patients in the high-risk group had worse OS compared to low-risk group (P = 0.0001). High- and low-risk groups of patients receiving radiotherapy have significant survival differences, while patients who did not receive radiotherapy have no survival difference both in CGGA and TCGA databases. WHO grade 4 IDH-mutant astrocytoma is more radiosensitive than IDH-wildtype GBM patients. Our 4-gene radiotherapy-related signature can predict the radiation efficacy of WHO grade 4 glioma patients, and it may provide some reference for clinical treatment options.