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Diagnostic potential of magnetic resonance spectroscopy in cognitive impairment in the elderly

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2023;123(11):105-110. doi: 10.17116/jnevro2023123111105.


OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential use of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in the diagnosis of pre-dementia cognitive disorders in elderly people.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 65 elderly individuals (37 individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) according to NIA-AA criteria, mean age 67.2 years; 28 controls, mean age 65.2 years) underwent MRS (3.0 T) with posterior cingulate cortex as the region of interest. Absolute concentrations of metabolites (tCr, NAA, Glx, mI, Cho, NAA) were calculated based on their signal intensities. Statistical analysis was performed to assess intergroup differences and correlations.

RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were observed between the clinical and control groups in the absolute concentrations of metabolites: mI (MCI 4.97±0.13; controls 4.76±0.15; p=0.04) and NAA/mI (MCI 1.61±0.04; controls 1.73±0.04; p=0.04), as well as in the intensities of the choline-containing compounds signal (MCI 0.215±0.015; controls 0.205±0.005; p=0.04) in the posterior cingulate cortex region. No significant correlations between these changes and age were observed, suggesting the predominant role of neurodegeneration in the pathological process under investigation.

CONCLUSION: The findings highlight the promising nature of MRS as a tool to find the neurodegeneration biomarker.

PMID:37994895 | DOI:10.17116/jnevro2023123111105

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