Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2023 Nov 27. doi: 10.1007/s00701-023-05853-7. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of an intraprocedural image fusion technique using flat-panel detector computed tomography-based rotational angiography (FDCT-RA) and image fusion (IF) for the transvenous approach in treating intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs).
METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on patients who underwent transvenous embolization for dural AVFs. The patients were classified into two groups according to the treatment technique used: the FDCT-RA and IF technique group and the conventional technique group. The primary outcomes assessed were the angiographic and clinical outcomes, complications, fluoroscopy time, and radiation exposure. Univariate analyses were performed to compare the two treatment modalities.
RESULTS: Eighty-six patients with intracranial dAVFs were treated with transvenous embolization (TVE), of which 37 patients underwent transvenous approach with flat-panel detector computed tomography-based rotational angiography (FDCT-RA) and image fusion (IF) technique used. The FDCT-RA and IF group showed difference in the location of dAVFs, occlusion state of the sinus, and access routes in comparison to the conventional treatment group. The FDCT-RA and IF technique was predominantly used for dAVFs involving the anterior condylar confluence and cavernous sinus with ipsilateral inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) occlusion. Patients treated with this technique demonstrated a higher rate of complete occlusion (91.9%, n = 34) compared to those treated with the conventional technique (79.6%, n = 39), but this difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.136). Although the implementation of this technique during the treatment procedure showed a tendency to decrease both fluoroscopy duration and radiation dose, the observed results did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.315, p = 0.130).
CONCLUSION: The intraprocedural image fusion technique using FDCT-RA for transvenous treatment of intracranial dAVFs could provide help in treatment of dAVFs of certain locations or access routes. It might provide aid in microcatheter navigation, without increasing the radiation exposure and fluoroscopy time.