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Image denoising in fluorescence microscopy using feature based gradient reconstruction

J Med Imaging (Bellingham). 2023 Nov;10(6):064004. doi: 10.1117/1.JMI.10.6.064004. Epub 2023 Dec 12.


PURPOSE: The utility of fluorescence microscopy imaging comes with the challenge of low resolution acquisitions, which severely limits information extraction and quantitative analysis. Image denoising is a technique that aims to remove noise from microscopy acquisitions by taking into account prior statistics of the corrupting noise. In this work, we propose an image denoising technique for fluorescence microscopy imaging.

APPROACH: The proposed technique is based on the principle of multifractal feature extraction from a noisy sample followed by a reconstruction technique from these features. It is observed that by following a proper hierarchical classification procedure, meaningful features can be extracted from a noisy image. A denoised image is then estimated from this sparse feature set through proper formulation of an optimization problem.

RESULTS: Experiments are performed on both synthetic image databases as well as on real fluorescence microscopy data. Superior denoising results, in comparison to multiple comparing techniques, validate the potential of the proposed approach.

CONCLUSION: The proposed method gives superior denoising results for low resolution fluorescence microscopy image acquisitions and can be used for post processing of data by biologists.

PMID:38094902 | PMC:PMC10715713 | DOI:10.1117/1.JMI.10.6.064004

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