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Impact of extra-ampullary duodenal adenocarcinoma subtypes on surgical and oncological outcomes following pancreaticoduodenectomy

Updates Surg. 2023 Dec 13. doi: 10.1007/s13304-023-01688-0. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: There is little information about the relevance of extra-ampullary duodenal adenocarcinoma (EDA) subtypes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of EDA subtypes on surgical and oncological outcomes following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD).

METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing PD for EDA from 2000 to 2019 were analyzed. Results were stratified by pathologic subtype (intestinal versus non-intestinal). Uni-and multivariable analyses were performed using standard statistical methods.

RESULTS: The study population consisted of 70 patients, of whom 49 (70%) had an intestinal phenotype. EDA with intestinal phenotype was more frequently proximal to the Ampulla of Vater, while non-intestinal EDA was more frequently found distally (76% vs. 33%, p = 0.002). Patients with intestinal EDA were less likely to experience severe morbidity, with decreased reoperation and unplanned Intensive Care Unit admission rates relative to non-intestinal subtypes (2% vs. 29% p = 0.002, and 2% vs. 19%, p = 0.007, respectively). The median follow-up post-pancreatectomy was 73 months. Intestinal EDA was associated with improved overall and disease-free survival, with 3-year and 5-year survival rates of 71% vs. 29% and 53% vs. 24%, respectively. (p = 0.019 and p = 0.025).

CONCLUSION: Intestinal-type EDA, which more often arises from supra-ampullary duodenum, was associated with better postoperative outcomes and improved survival.

PMID:38093152 | DOI:10.1007/s13304-023-01688-0

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