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Autophagy Gene BECN1 Intronic Variant rs9890617 Predisposes Individuals to Hepatitis B Virus Infection

Biochem Genet. 2023 Dec 16. doi: 10.1007/s10528-023-10608-1. Online ahead of print.


Beclin 1 protein encoded by the BECN1 gene plays a critical role in the autophagy pathway which is utilized by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) for its replication. HBV is known for the subversion of the host’s autophagy process for its multiplication. The aim of this study was to determine the role of BECN1 intronic variants in HBV susceptibility. Intronic region variant rs9890617 was analyzed using Human splicing finder v3.1 and was found to alter splicing signals. A total of 712 individuals (494 HBV infected and 218 healthy controls) were recruited in the study and genotyped by applying Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Statistical analysis revealed that the mutant allele T of rs9890617 was significantly associated with the overall disease risk in the allelic model (OR 1.41; 95%CI 1.00-1.99, p = 0.04). On stratifying the data based on the different stages of HBV infection, the mutant genotype showed a significant association with the chronic group in allelic (OR 1.62; 95%CI 1.11-2.39, p = 0.01), dominant (OR 1.64; 95%CI 1.07-2.52, p = 0.02), and co-dominant (OR 1.55; 95%CI 1.00-2.40, p = 0.04) models. Overall, this is the first study regarding beclin 1 variant rs9890617 and we found a significant association of the mutant T allele with the genetic predisposition to HBV infection.

PMID:38103127 | DOI:10.1007/s10528-023-10608-1

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