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Comparison of the effect of combined administration of intravenous and intra-articular tranexamic acid versus their administration alone in the management of blood loss in total knee arthroplasty: a prospective, multicenter study in Iran

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2023 Dec 16;24(1):974. doi: 10.1186/s12891-023-07089-z.


BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with significant blood loss. Antifibrinolytic agents such as tranexamic acid (TXA) are widely used to manage blood loss during TKA. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of three different administration approaches of TXA in TKA.

METHODS: In a prospective, multicenter study, 285 patients with end-stage osteoarthritis who underwent TKA between 2020 and 2022 in three orthopedic surgery centers were included in the study. To manage bleeding during TKA, one of the three methods of intravenous administration (IV), intra-articular injection (IA), and combination administration of TXA was performed for the patients. Postoperative blood loss was calculated using blood volume and change in hemoglobin level from preoperative measurement to postoperative day 3.

RESULTS: The mean baseline Hemoglobin (Hb) was not significantly different between the three study groups (p > 0.05). The mean postoperative Hb of 12 h, 24 h, and 48 h after the surgery was not significantly different between the three stud groups (p > 0.05). The mean intraoperative blood loss in the combined TXA group was significantly lower compared to the IV and IA groups (0.025). The number of blood transfusions in the three study groups was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). No side effect was recorded in any group, as well.

CONCLUSION: Blood loss in the combination TXA group was significantly less than in the other two groups. Combination TXA can help reduce blood loss after TKA surgery.

PMID:38104059 | DOI:10.1186/s12891-023-07089-z

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