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Increased rate of complications of pediatric acute otitis media and sinusitis in 2022/2023

HNO. 2023 Dec 18. doi: 10.1007/s00106-023-01393-9. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Acute mastoiditis and orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis are among the most common complications of pediatric infections in otolaryngology.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of pediatric acute mastoiditis in the setting of acute otitis media as well as pediatric orbital complications in the setting of acute rhinosinusitis. Data from before the pandemic were compared to data after the end of the COVID-19 restrictions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Included were hospitalized children who presented with acute mastoiditis from acute otitis media or with orbital complications from acute rhinosinusitis during the period from April 2017 to March 2023. Compared were three periods using descriptive statistics: April 2017 to March 2020 (before the pandemic in Germany), April 2020 to March 2022 (during the contact restrictions of the pandemic), and April 2022 to March 2023 (after the contact restrictions were lifted).

RESULTS: A total of 102 children (43 with acute mastoiditis, 42%, and 59 with orbital complications of acute sinusitis, 58%) were included. During the 2022/2023 period, more than twice as many children with acute mastoiditis and approximately three times as many children with orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis were hospitalized compared to the average of the periods 2017/2018, 2018/2019, and 2019/2020. In the 2021/2022 period, the number of these patients was below the average of previous years.

CONCLUSION: This year’s seasonal cluster of upper respiratory tract infections is associated with a higher-than-average incidence of orbital complications and mastoiditis.

PMID:38108853 | DOI:10.1007/s00106-023-01393-9

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