Indian J Psychiatry. 2023 Oct;65(10):1052-1060. doi: 10.4103/indianjpsychiatry.indianjpsychiatry_577_23. Epub 2023 Oct 16.
CONTEXT: The Big Five model is a well-accepted model of personality but there is scant research on the factor structure of personality from Asian populations. It is unclear whether the Big Five personality model can account for cross-cultural variation in personality structures.
AIM: To explore the factor structure of personality by analyzing the Big Five personality factors in a sample from Karnataka, South India.
SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a cross-structural observational study conducted in Udupi and Mangalore.
METHODS AND MATERIAL: 400 community participants (200 women) from diverse socio economic backgrounds were recruited for the study and were assessed on either an English or Kannada version of the BFI-2-S. The reliability of the translated version of BFI-2-S was established.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Exploratory factor analysis using Principal Component Analysis with Varimax Rotation and Kaiser Normalization was carried out.
RESULTS: Factor Analysis revealed a four-factor and a five-factor solution that varied distinctly from the original Big Five. None of the identified factors fit into the original five factors. The four-factor solution explained 36.86% of the variance and the five-factor solution explained 41.74%. The five factors were named as – Social Effectiveness, Interpersonal Ability, Altruism, Emotional Instability, and Innovativeness. The translated tool showed good temporal stability.
CONCLUSIONS: The Five factors identified in the present study differ from the Big Five model or the General Factor of Personality. This raises questions about the cross-cultural validity of the Big Five model as well as highlighting the need to adopt more culturally adaptive methods of assessing personality.
PMID:38108050 | PMC:PMC10725210 | DOI:10.4103/indianjpsychiatry.indianjpsychiatry_577_23