Nevin Manimala Statistics

Clinical Characteristics and Detection Sensitivity of Cervical Cancer Screening in Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia

J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2023 Dec 18. doi: 10.1097/LGT.0000000000000793. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics and screening history of vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VaIN) or vaginal cancer and compare the sensitivity of cytology and human papillomavirus (HPV) tests on the cervix against vaginal and cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion or cancer.

METHODS: This study included patients who underwent colposcopy-directed biopsy and were diagnosed with VaIN or vaginal cancer from February 2013 to November 2022. Clinical information was obtained from the medical records of the department. Statistical analysis was performed on SPSS 26.0 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY) using t test, chi-square, and Fisher exact tests.

RESULTS: A total of 1,166 patients were included in this study. The median age of VaIN2+ patients was 50.5 years, whereas VaIN1 reported a median age of 42.1 years old, p < .001. This study reported that VaIN was significantly and positively correlated with cervical lesions (r = 0.244). The high-risk HPV (hr-HPV) detection rate was 88.2% (858/973) in VaIN and 95.2% in VaIN2+. Human papillomavirus 16 was the most prevalent HPV type in VaIN2+, which accounted for 54.9%, followed by HPV58 (19.5%), HPV52 (15.2%), HPV51 (12.2%), and HPV18 (11.0%). The sensitivity of hr-HPV and cytology tests on the cervix for detecting VaIN2+ was 94.7% and 83.4%, respectively. Both tests were not significantly different from detecting cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2+.

CONCLUSIONS: Human papillomavirus 16 is the dominant HPV type in vaginal precancer lesions. Cervical cancer screening has similar sensitivity for VaIN2+ as for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2+, with hr-HPV testing showing higher sensitivity than cytology.

PMID:38109483 | DOI:10.1097/LGT.0000000000000793

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