Sci Rep. 2023 Dec 18;13(1):22470. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-48860-5.
A drop in physical activity and a deterioration in the capacity to undertake daily life activities are both connected with ageing and have negative effects on physical and mental health. An Elderly and Visually Impaired Human Activity Monitoring (EV-HAM) system that keeps tabs on a person’s routine and steps in if a change in behaviour or a crisis might greatly help an elderly person or a visually impaired. These individuals may find greater freedom with the help of an EVHAM system. As the backbone of human-centric applications like actively supported living and in-home monitoring for the elderly and visually impaired, an EVHAM system is essential. Big data-driven product design is flourishing in this age of 5G and the IoT. Recent advancements in processing power and software architectures have also contributed to the emergence and development of artificial intelligence (AI). In this context, the digital twin has emerged as a state-of-the-art technology that bridges the gap between the real and virtual worlds by evaluating data from several sensors using artificial intelligence algorithms. Although promising findings have been reported by Wi-Fi-based human activity identification techniques so far, their effectiveness is vulnerable to environmental variations. Using the environment-independent fingerprints generated from the Wi-Fi channel state information (CSI), we introduce Wi-Sense. This human activity identification system employs a Deep Hybrid convolutional neural network (DHCNN). The proposed system begins by collecting the CSI with a regular Wi-Fi Network Interface Controller. Wi-Sense uses the CSI ratio technique to lessen the effect of noise and the phase offset. The t- Distributed Stochastic Neighbor Embedding (t-SNE) is used to eliminate unnecessary data further. The data dimension is decreased, and the negative effects on the environment are eliminated in this process. The resulting spectrogram of the processed data exposes the activity’s micro-Doppler fingerprints as a function of both time and location. These spectrograms are put to use in the training of a DHCNN. Based on our findings, EVHAM can accurately identify these actions 99% of the time.