Retina. 2023 Dec 14. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000003997. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: to demonstrate through a diagnostic test used as a new preoperative assessment, that trocar insertion for pars plana vitrectomy could be safely placed at a distance greater than 4.0 mm in highly myopic eyes to facilitate the surgical maneuvers.
METHODS: 30 eyes of 30 patients were tested with a biometer for the axial length measurement and with ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) to measure the pars plana length. Pars plana lengths of highly myopic eyes were then compared with those of emmetropic eyes. The surgeon also measured the pars plana of highly myopic eyes intraoperatively and compared it with ultrasound measurements to assess UBM reliability.
RESULTS: The mean AXL was 23.81mm (SD ±0.30) in the control group and 31.11 mm (SD ±0.56) in the myopic group. The mean pars plana length was 4.96 mm (SD ±0.19) in control eyes and 6.65 (SD ±0.36) in myopic eyes. An extremely significant statistical difference (p < 0.001) was obtained by comparing the length of pars plana between control eyes and myopic eyes. The results of pars plana measurements were 6.65 mm SD ±0.36 (UBM) and 6.66 mm SD ±0.34 (intraoperative measurements) in myopic eyes. The statistical comparison of the measurements in these two groups did not give a statistically significant result (p = 0.950).
CONCLUSIONS: UBM is a reliable technique to calculate the length of pars plana in highly myopic eyes, where this parameter is significantly greater than that of emmetropic eyes. Trocars insertion for pars plana vitrectomy may be performed, in eyes with axial length greater than 30mm, in relative safety at a distance to limbus higher than 4mm.