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Health related quality of life in pediatric hematological malignancies patients and survivors: A meta-analysis of comparative studies

J Psychosom Res. 2023 Dec 13;177:111568. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2023.111568. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies (HM) and survivors are at high risk for numerous negative effects including decreased health-related quality of life (HRQOL). In order to understand the association between HM and QOL, we conducted this meta-analysis to systematically compare QOL between pediatric HM patients and survivors and controls.

METHOD: The PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched. Data were analyzed using the random-effects model.

RESULTS: Of 6586 unique articles identified, 30 were included in this meta-analysis. Studies described 12 different HRQOL tools. Different QOL measures varied in their association with quality of life. When compared with Non-HM group, the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) has a moderate effect size (standard mean difference, SMD = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.32, 0.68; P < 0.001). When compared with health controls, it has a large effect size (SMD = -1.00, 95% CI: -1.47, -0.53; P < 0.001). In addition, Health utilities index mark (HUI), and the Pediatric Oncology Quality of Life Scale (POQOLS) have a large (SMD = -0.81, 95% CI: -1.29, -0.33; P = 0.001) and a small (SMD = -0.10, 95% CI: -0.42, 0.22; P = 0.534) effect sizes when comparing overall controls.

CONCLUSION: Pediatric HM patients and survivors had lower QOL compared with healthy controls and higher QOL compared with Non-HM controls in most domains. Considering the negative impact of poor QOL on daily life and functional outcomes, future research should focus on proposing effective measures to improve QOL of this population.

PMID:38113797 | DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2023.111568

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