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Validity of TIMI Risk Score and HEART Score for Risk Assessment of Patients with Unstable Angina/Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Presented to an Emergency Department in Jordan

Open Access Emerg Med. 2023 Dec 18;15:465-471. doi: 10.2147/OAEM.S439423. eCollection 2023.


PURPOSE: To examine the validity and predictability of thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) risk and HEART scores in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain in Jordan (representative of the Middle East and North Africa Region, MENA).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Risk scores were calculated for 237 patients presenting to the ED with chest pain. Patients were followed-up prospectively for the need for percutaneous coronary intervention, major adverse cardiovascular events, and all-cause mortality, looking for correlation and accuracy between the predicted cardiovascular risk from TIMI risk score and HEART score and the clinical outcome.

RESULTS: Of the 237 patients, approximately 77% were diagnosed with unstable angina and 23% diagnosed with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). about two thirds of the study population were smokers and known to have hypertension and dyslipidaemia. In 50 patients, the primary outcome (need for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and/or major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at days 14 and 40, all-cause mortality) was observed. Regarding the predictability of the TIMI score, a larger number of events were observed in the study population than predicted. Patients with TIMI scores of 3 to 5 have about a 5-8% higher event rate than predicted.

CONCLUSION: Both TIMI and HEART risk scores were able to predict an elevated risk of major cardiovascular adverse events (MACE). The overall impression was that the TIMI risk score tended to underestimate risk in the study population.

PMID:38145228 | PMC:PMC10743701 | DOI:10.2147/OAEM.S439423

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