Nevin Manimala Statistics

Soluble Suppression of Tumorigenicity-2 Predicts Mortality and Right Heart Failure in Patients With a Left Ventricular Assist Device

J Am Heart Assoc. 2024 Jan 9:e029827. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.123.029827. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 (sST2) predicts mortality in patients with heart failure. The predictive value of sST2 in patients with a left ventricular assist device remains unknown. Therefore, we studied the relationship between sST2 and outcome after left ventricular assist device implantation.

METHODS AND RESULTS: sST2 levels of patients with a left ventricular assist device implanted between January 2015 and December 2022 were included in this observational study. The median follow-up was 25 months, during which 1573 postoperative sST2 levels were measured in 199 patients, with a median of 29 ng/mL. Survival of patients with normal and elevated preoperative levels was compared using Kaplan-Meier analysis, which did not differ significantly (P=0.22) between both groups. The relationship between postoperative sST2, survival, and right heart failure was evaluated using a joint model, which showed a significant relationship between the absolute sST2 level and mortality, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.20 (95% CI, 1.10-1.130; P<0.01) and an HR of 1.22 (95% CI, 1.07-1.39; P=0.01) for right heart failure, both per 10-unit sST2 increase. The sST2 instantaneous change was not predictive for survival or right heart failure (P=0.99 and P=0.94, respectively). Multivariate joint model analysis showed a significant relationship between sST2 with mortality adjusted for NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide), with an HR of 1.19 (95% CI, 1.00-1.42; P=0.05), whereas the HR of right heart failure was not significant (1.22 [95% CI, 0.94-1.59]; P=0.14), both per 10-unit sST2 increase.

CONCLUSIONS: Time-dependent postoperative sST2 predicts all-cause mortality after left ventricular assist device implantation after adjustment for NT-proBNP. Future research is warranted into possible target interventions and the optimal monitoring frequency.

PMID:38193339 | DOI:10.1161/JAHA.123.029827

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