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Are We Moving in the Right Direction? Demographic and Outcome Trends in Same-day Total Hip Arthroplasty From 2015 to 2020

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2024 Jan 9. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-23-00762. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: Understanding the trends among patients undergoing same-day discharge (SDD) total hip arthroplasty (THA) is imperative to highlight the progression of outpatient surgery and the criteria used for enrollment. The purpose of this study was to identify trends in demographic characteristics and outcomes among patients who participated in an academic hospital SDD THA program over 6 years.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who enrolled in our institution’s SDD THA program from January 2015 to October 2020. Patient demographics, failure-to-launch rate, as well as readmission and revision rates were evaluated. Trends for continuous variables were analyzed using analysis of variance, and categorical variables were analyzed using chi-square tests.

RESULTS: In total, 1,334 patients participated in our SDD THA program between 2015 and 2020. Age (54.82 to 57.94 years; P < 0.001) and mean Charlson Comorbidity Index (2.15 to 2.90; P < 0.001) significantly differed over the 6-year period. More African Americans (4.3 to 12.3%; P = 0.003) and American Society of Anesthesiology class III (3.2% to 5.8%; P < 0.001) patients enrolled in the program over time. Sex (P = 0.069), BMI (P = 0.081), marital status (P = 0.069), and smoking status (P = 0.186) did not statistically differ. Although the failure-to-launch rate (0.0% to 12.0%; P < 0.001) increased over time, the 90-day readmissions (P = 0.204) and 90-day revisions (P = 0.110) did not statistically differ.

CONCLUSION: More African Americans, older aged individuals, and patients with higher preexisting comorbidity burden enrolled in the program over this period. Our findings are a reflection of a more inclusive selection criterion for participation in the SDD THA program. These results highlight the potential increase in the number of patients and surgeons interested in SDD THA, which is paramount in the current incentivized and value-based healthcare environment.

LEVEL EVIDENCE: III, Retrospective Review.

PMID:38194641 | DOI:10.5435/JAAOS-D-23-00762

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