Nevin Manimala Statistics

Different risks of early-onset and late-onset Parkinson disease in individuals with mental illness

NPJ Parkinsons Dis. 2024 Jan 9;10(1):17. doi: 10.1038/s41531-023-00621-x.


We aimed to investigate the association of various mental illnesses, including depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, insomnia, and anxiety, with the risk of early-onset Parkinson’s disease (EOPD) (age <50 years) and compare it with that of late-onset PD (LOPD) (age ≥50 years). This nationwide cohort study enrolled 9,920,522 people who underwent a national health screening examination in 2009, and followed up until 31 December 2018. There was a significantly increased risk of EOPD and LOPD in individuals with mental illness, and EOPD showed a stronger association than LOPD (EOPD, hazard ratio (HR) = 3.11, 95% CI: 2.61‒3.72; LOPD, HR = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.66‒1.74; p for interaction <0.0001). Our results suggest that people with mental illnesses aged < 50 years are at a higher risk of PD than those aged ≥50 years. Future studies are warranted to elucidate the pathomechanism of EOPD in relation to mental illness.

PMID:38195604 | DOI:10.1038/s41531-023-00621-x

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