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Lipoprotein Apheresis Alleviates Treatment-Resistant Peripheral Artery Disease Despite the Normal Range of Atherogenic Lipoproteins: The LETS-PAD Study

J Atheroscler Thromb. 2024 Apr 3. doi: 10.5551/jat.64639. Online ahead of print.


AIM: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) severely impairs patient prognosis and quality of life (QOL). Although lipoprotein apheresis (LA) has been applied to patients with PAD and elevated serum atherogenic lipoproteins, we hypothesized that LA can be effective for treating PAD even in patients with controlled serum lipoproteins through pleiotropic anti-atherosclerotic effects beyond lipoprotein removal. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of LA in patients with treatment-resistant PAD and controlled serum lipoproteins focusing on QOL.

METHODS: In a single-arm prospective study, 30 patients with refractory PAD who had controlled serum lipoproteins underwent sequential LA sessions using dextran sulfate adsorption columns, aiming to complete 10 sessions. The ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) and vascular QOL (VascuQOL) score were evaluated as the primary outcomes. Secondary outcomes included reactive hyperemia index (RHI) and biological antioxidant potential (BAP) as an endothelial function test and serum antioxidative-capacity evaluation, respectively.

RESULTS: ABI significantly increased after LA sessions (pre-treatment 0.60±0.09 vs. post-treatment 0.65±0.13, p=0.023). Total VascuQOL score (3.7±1.1 vs 4.6±1.1, p<0.001) and RHI (1.70±0.74 vs 2.34±1.76, p=0.023) significantly improved after the LA sessions. BAP tended to increase after the LA sessions, and the change reached statistical significance 3 months after treatment.

CONCLUSION: ABI and QOL improved after a series of LA sessions in conventional treatment-resistant PAD patients with controlled serum lipoprotein levels. Increased antioxidative capacity and ameliorated endothelial function were observed after the LA treatment.

PMID:38569869 | DOI:10.5551/jat.64639

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