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Correlation Between Heart Rate Variability and Agility Scores of Elite Badminton Players: A Pilot Study

Cureus. 2024 Apr 14;16(4):e58267. doi: 10.7759/cureus.58267. eCollection 2024 Apr.


Introduction Heart rate variability (HRV) indexes the autonomic nervous system, and HRV values are found to be higher in elite badminton players. Since an athlete’s agility has a direct influence on badminton sporting performance, this study will analyze the correlation between HRV and agility. Aim The study’s primary aim is to analyze the correlation between HRV and agility scores of elite badminton players. Methodology Ten elite badminton players who are currently participating at the state and national levels were recruited for the study. The study’s participants were aged between 18 and 21 years, had a body mass index (BMI) of less than 22.9 kg/m2, were currently training 10-12 sessions of badminton per week (120-180 minutes per session), and had no comorbidities, injuries, or illnesses. For a duration of 14 days, a cross-sectional study design was utilized to evaluate the badminton players. Participants were tested in two blocks; each block consisted of five days of HRV and agility testing (Southeast Missouri [SEMO] agility test) followed by a break for two days. Higher agility performance was reflected by a lower SEMO agility test score. Results Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 27.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY). HRV and agility scores had a negative correlation, as indicated by the two-tailed Spearman correlation analysis (rs(8) = -0.82, P < 0.01). Conclusions The results showed that HRV and agility scores are highly correlated in elite badminton players. The results indicate that higher HRV values lead to better agility performance. Future studies need to be conducted on a large scale to evaluate the correlation in a diverse population.

PMID:38752072 | PMC:PMC11094346 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.58267

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