Nevin Manimala Statistics

Residents’ willingness towards first-contact with primary health care under uncertainty in healthcare: a cross-sectional study in rural China

BMJ Open. 2024 May 15;14(5):e077618. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-077618.


OBJECTIVE: To estimate Chinese rural residents’ willingness degree of initially contacting primary healthcare (PHC) under uncertainty in healthcare and to explore its influencing factors.

SETTING: This study collected primary data from rural residents in Dangyang, Hubei Province in China.

PARTICIPANTS: The study investigated 782 residents and 701 finished the survey. The response rate was 89.64%. A further 27 residents failed the internal consistency test, so the effective sample size was 674.

DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, residents’ willingness was reflected by the threshold of disease severity for PHC (TDSP), the individual maximal disease scope for considering PHC based on residents’ decision-making framework. TDSP was measured through scenario tests. Univariate analysis and unordered multiple logistic regression were used to explore the influencing factors of three-level TDSP: low, general, and high.

RESULTS: Only 28.2% of respondents had high TDSP and high willingness towards PHC. Compared with general TDSP, respondents who were younger than 40 (OR 7.344, 95% CI 2.463 to 21.894), rich (OR 1.913, 95% CI 1.083 to 3.379), highly risk-averse (OR 1.958, 95% CI 1.016 to 3.774), had substitute medical decision-maker (OR value of parent/child was 2.738, 95% CI 1.386 to 5.411) and had no visits to PHC in the last 6 months (OR 2.098, 95% CI 1.316 to 3.346) tended to have low TDSP and low willingness towards PHC. Compared with general TDSP, no factors were found to significantly influence respondents’ high TDSP.

CONCLUSIONS: TDSP can be a good indicator of residents’ willingness. TDSP results demonstrate rural residents’ generally low willingness towards first-contact with PHC that some residents refuse to consider PHC even for mild diseases. This study provides practical significance for elaborating the underutilisation of PHC from resident decision-making and offers advice to policymakers and researchers for future modifications.

PMID:38749685 | DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2023-077618

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