Nevin Manimala Statistics

Experimental design considerations and statistical analyses in preclinical tumor growth inhibition studies

Pharm Stat. 2024 Jun 10. doi: 10.1002/pst.2399. Online ahead of print.


Animal models are used in cancer pre-clinical research to identify drug targets, select compound candidates for clinical trials, determine optimal drug dosages, identify biomarkers, and ensure compound safety. This tutorial aims to provide an overview of study design and data analysis from animal studies, focusing on tumor growth inhibition (TGI) studies used for prioritization of anticancer compounds. Some of the experimental design aspects discussed here include the selection of the appropriate biological models, the choice of endpoints to be used for the assessment of anticancer activity (tumor volumes, tumor growth rates, events, or categorical endpoints), considerations on measurement errors and potential biases related to this type of study, sample size estimation, and discussions on missing data handling. The tutorial also reviews the statistical analyses employed in TGI studies, considering both continuous endpoints collected at single time-point and continuous endpoints collected longitudinally over multiple time-points. Additionally, time-to-event analysis is discussed for studies focusing on event occurrences such as animal deaths or tumor size reaching a certain threshold. Furthermore, for TGI studies involving categorical endpoints, statistical methodology is outlined to compare outcomes among treatment groups effectively. Lastly, this tutorial also discusses analysis for assessing drug combination synergy in TGI studies, which involves combining treatments to enhance overall treatment efficacy. The tutorial also includes R sample scripts to help users to perform relevant data analysis of this topic.

PMID:38858081 | DOI:10.1002/pst.2399

By Nevin Manimala

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