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Radiation-induced sarcoma in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a single-institution retrospective study

Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2024 Jun;38(6):514-517. doi: 10.13201/j.issn.2096-7993.2024.06.011.


Objective:To analyze the clinical features, treatment methods and prognosis of radiation-induced sarcoma(RIS) of the head and neck after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC), and explore its treatment strategies. Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on RIS patients after radiotherapy for NPC in the People’s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from January 2013 to October 2022. The time of onset, lesion location, pathological subtypes, imaging features and treatment outcomes were described, and the median survival time was statistically analyzed through follow-up. Results:This study included 10 patients with an interval of 2-27 years between NPC and RIS. The nasopharynx was the more common site of RIS, and osteosarcoma was the main pathological type. The median overall survival was 18 months. The median survival was 40 months in the surgery combined with the chemotherapy group, and 12 months in the surgery alone group. The 1-and 2-year cumulative survival rates were 48% and 36%, respectively. Prognostic analysis showed that gender, age of onset, time of sarcoma onset after radiotherapy and treatment methods might not be influencing factors for prognosis, and osteosarcomas presented a poorer prognosis than other pathological types. Conclusion:RIS is one of the most severe long-term adverse effects in patients with NPC. The prognosis of RIS is poor, and complete surgical resection of the tumor can improve patient survival rates. In cases where complete surgical resection is challenging, radiotherapy or chemotherapy may offer some improvement in tumor control.

PMID:38858117 | DOI:10.13201/j.issn.2096-7993.2024.06.011

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