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Impact of coronary collateralization on major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events after successful recanalization of chronic total occlusion

Front Cardiovasc Med. 2024 Jun 25;11:1374398. doi: 10.3389/fcvm.2024.1374398. eCollection 2024.


AIMS: This study aims to investigate the effects of coronary collateral circulation (CCC) on the prognosis of chronic total occlusion (CTO) patients with or without metabolic syndrome (MetS).

METHODS: The study included 342 CTO patients who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention at the People’s Hospital of Liaoning Province between 1 February 2021 and 30 September 2023. The Rentrop score was used to assess the status of CCC. The outcome was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and non-fatal stroke. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were used to investigate the association of CCC, MetS, and MACCEs with odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The effect of CCC was further investigated in different MetS, diabetes mellitus (DM), and Syntax score groups.

RESULTS: MACCEs were more common in patients with poor CCC compared to those with good CCC (38.74% vs. 16.56%). Statistical differences were found in MACCEs (OR = 3.33, 95% CI: 1.93-5.72), MI (OR = 3.11, 95% CI: 1.73-5.58), TVR (OR = 3.06, 95% CI: 1.70-5.53), and stent thrombosis (OR = 6.14, 95% CI: 2.76-13.65) between the good and poor CCC groups. Poor CCC patients with MetS had a higher incidence of MACCEs (OR = 4.21, 95% CI: 2.05-8.65), non-fatal MI (OR = 4.44, 95% CI: 2.01-9.83), TVR (OR = 3.28, 95% CI: 1.51-7.11), and stent thrombosis (OR = 10.80, 95% CI: 3.11-37.54). Similar findings were also observed in CTO patients with DM and a Syntax score ≥23.

CONCLUSION: Poor CCC could increase the risk of MACCEs in CTO patients, particularly those with MetS, DM, and a Syntax score ≥23. Further prospective, multicenter studies are needed to validate our findings and to explore potential therapeutic interventions.

PMID:38984350 | PMC:PMC11231425 | DOI:10.3389/fcvm.2024.1374398

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