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A DPC Database Study on the Safety of Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab/Carboplatin/Paclitaxel in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer in Japanese Patients

Adv Ther. 2024 Jul 11. doi: 10.1007/s12325-024-02921-x. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: Atezolizumab, bevacizumab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel (ABCP) combination therapy is a standard of care for advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSQ-NSCLC); however, the lack of safety data limits its clinical application in Japan.

METHODS: This study compared the safety of ABCP with that of bevacizumab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel (BCP) combination for the treatment of advanced NSQ-NSCLC in Japanese patients by evaluating the clinical background and incidence of adverse events (AEs) based on data extracted from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) database. Incidence rates and restricted mean survival times (RMSTs) for up to 1 year were analyzed for 19 clinically important AEs. Covariates were adjusted using the inverse probability weighting method.

RESULTS: A search conducted using the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision codes identified 350,987 patients, of whom 202 were included in the ABCP cohort and 232 in the BCP cohort. Among the 19 AEs, the incidence of skin disorder and febrile neutropenia (FN) was significantly higher in the ABCP cohort versus the BCP cohort. The adjusted incidence rate ratios were 2.65 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.43-4.91] for skin disorder and 1.70 (95% CI 1.01-2.85) for FN. The adjusted RMST differences were – 64.2 days (95% CI – 93.0 to – 35.4 days) and – 46.0 days (95% CI – 73.5 to – 18.5 days) for skin disorder and FN, respectively. These results were comparable to those of other pivotal clinical trials.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this DPC database study highlight the safety of ABCP in Japanese clinical practice, and this methodology may facilitate more efficient research in real-world settings.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ID UMIN000041507.

PMID:38990434 | DOI:10.1007/s12325-024-02921-x

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