Nevin Manimala Statistics

CSF formation rate-a potential glymphatic flow parameter in hydrocephalus?

Fluids Barriers CNS. 2024 Jul 10;21(1):55. doi: 10.1186/s12987-024-00560-6.


BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that brain clearance via the glymphatic system is impaired in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH). This has been suggested to result from reduced cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) turnover, which could be caused by a reduced CSF formation rate. The aim of this study was to determine the formation rate of CSF in a cohort of patients investigated for INPH and compare this to a historical control cohort.

METHODS: CSF formation rate was estimated in 135 (75 ± 6 years old, 64/71 men/women) patients undergoing investigation for INPH. A semiautomatic CSF infusion investigation (via lumbar puncture) was performed. CSF formation rate was assessed by downregulating and steadily maintaining CSF pressure at a zero level. During the last 10 min, the required outflow to maintain zero pressure, i.e., CSF formation rate, was continuously measured. The values were compared to those of a historical reference cohort from a study by Ekstedt in 1978.

RESULTS: Mean CSF formation rate was 0.45 ± 0.15 ml/min (N = 135), equivalent to 27 ± 9 ml/hour. There was no difference in the mean (p = 0.362) or variance (p = 0.498) of CSF formation rate between the subjects that were diagnosed as INPH (N = 86) and those who were not (N = 43). The CSF formation rate in INPH was statistically higher than in the reference cohort (0.46 ± 0.15 vs. 0.40 ± 0.08 ml/min, p = 0.005), but the small difference was probably not physiologically relevant. There was no correlation between CSF formation rate and baseline CSF pressure (r = 0.136, p = 0.115, N = 135) or age (-0.02, p = 0.803, N = 135).

CONCLUSIONS: The average CSF formation rate in INPH was not decreased compared to the healthy reference cohort, which does not support reduced CSF turnover. This emphasizes the need to further investigate the source and routes of the flow in the glymphatic system and the cause of the suggested impaired glymphatic clearance in INPH.

PMID:38987813 | DOI:10.1186/s12987-024-00560-6

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala