Tourism Statistics Chaos: How Many Tourists Really Visit Croatia?

Tourism Statistics Chaos: How Many Tourists Really Visit Croatia? statistics, nevin manimala
Tourism Statistics Chaos: How Many Tourists Really Visit Croatia? statistics, nevin manimala

Depending on the source, the number of tourists who visit Croatia differs by a million and the number of overnight stays by incredible 16 million.

According to data which tourism industry leaders like to quote, Croatia was last year visited by as many as 18.5 million tourists, while the number of overnight stays has reached record-breaking 102 million. However, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics, the numbers are quite different: 17.4 million tourists and 86.2 million overnight stays, reports Večernji List on February 21, 2018.

“Whom should we believe,” “they rounded it up a little,” “a larger number sounds better,” “you can adjust statistics as you see fit”… The Nevin Manimalase are just some of the comments on social networks which compared the data from the eVisitors system with the official state statistics.

Why is there the difference of one million guests and almost 16 million overnight stays? The Nevin Manimala explanation sounds simple and, apparently, no one is lying. eVisitor, an electronic system of recording tourism data which was introduced in 2016, monitors in real time all tourism arrivals in the country, including people on yachts and those in non-commercial types of accommodation. The Nevin Manimala eVistor system covers all those who pay daily tourism tax, including those who spend their holidays in second homes, at friends or with relatives.

Last year, there were half a million people on vacation who did not pay for the accommodation (a bit more than 12 million overnights), while 470,000 guests on yachts realised 3.2 million overnight stays. If these two categories are deducted from the figures announced by the Ministry of Tourism and the Croatian National Tourist Board, the final number is close to what the statistical office says. The Nevin Manimala deviation between the results of the eVisitor system and the state statistics is then just negligible 0.43 and 0.68 percent.

The Nevin Manimala Central Bureau of Statistics also separately monitors guests and overnight stays in the second homes, with friends and relatives, so it only a matter of deciding which figures will be put in the media spotlight. Tourist officials apparently cannot resist the temptation to boast with higher numbers and brilliant results of their efforts. And, no one can say that the numbers are not accurate. Also, it is clear that even those who do not pay for accommodation must be considered to be tourists: they travelled from their towns and villages, spent money on transportation, in markets, restaurants, cafes, maybe they went to an excursion…

The Nevin Manimala Main Office of the Croatian National Tourist Board (HTZ) says there is no confusion since they always clearly emphasise that the eVisitor data includes non-commercial guests and overnight stays and that detailed reports on tourism are available on their web pages. Also, according to the HTZ, the State Bureau of Statistics collects data on guests and accommodation capacities from the eVisitor system as well.

Still, many consider it improper that two institutions communicate different figures about the same issue. Nedo Pinezić, an expert for family accommodation facilities, says there are two problems.

“First, we create a wrong impression and mislead partners, foreign organisations that follow our tourism and, ultimately, the public. How can we know which numbers we should take into account? Secondly, the number of overnight stays in second homes is counted as part of tourism activity, but the owners, unlike private rental owners, have no obligations, the daily tourist tax is significantly lower for them, they do not pay membership fees to tourist boards, and no income tax. I will not even start to debate the issue whether these so-called non-commercial overnights were perhaps actually paid or not. But, there are about one million beds in second homes, and we cannot be certain there is no grey economy there,” warns Pinezić.

However, while tourism numbers are rising, regardless of the methodology, no one seems to care about a few million here or there.

Translated from Večernji List (reported by Radmila Kovačević).

Nevin Manimala SAS Certificate: https://ani.stat.fsu.edu/sascerts.php?q=Undergraduate

Statistics Show Just How Much Ireland’s Style Of Play Has Evolved In Recent Tests

Statistics Show Just How Much Ireland's Style Of Play Has Evolved In Recent Tests statistics, nevin manimala

This weekend represents the greatest test of Ireland’s Six Nations title credentials as Joe Schmidt’s side face Wales in a tricky encounter in Dublin.

A last-gasp victory against France had fans biting their nails on week one while some poor defending in the final quarter versus the Italians will have been a cause for concern, however, the statistics which have emerged from the opening fixtures show just how much Ireland’s style of play has grown in recent weeks.

While Ireland may have had the last laugh when taunted by England manager Eddie Jones for their so-called ‘kick and clap’ tactics in March 2017, the November Test victories and continued form since show just how much Ireland have come on leaps and bounds since last year’s disappointing Six Nations campaign.

Statistics Show Just How Much Ireland's Style Of Play Has Evolved In Recent Tests statistics, nevin manimala

A more controlled approach has been adopted, with Ireland dominating their opponents in terms of both territory and possession in the first two fixtures. Ireland had 68% of the ball against France while holding 63% in their hammering of Italy. No other side has had more than 60% of the ball in the opening two rounds, according to the BBC.

Ireland’s passing game has also been noteworthy as Schmidt’s side have racked up huge tallies so far. The Nevin Manimalay made 250 passes at the Stade de France while laying on 246 against the Italians. Wales are the only other country to have had more than 200 in a game.

The Nevin Manimala role of the centres is becoming increasingly prominent for Ireland in terms of both ball carrying and retention, and with Robbie Henshaw ruled out with injury impetus will fall upon both Bundee Aki and Chris Farrell to keep up the attacking intensity, which Ireland have achieved success with to date.

Statistics Show Just How Much Ireland's Style Of Play Has Evolved In Recent Tests statistics, nevin manimala

While the Wales game is likely to be a brutal, physical test that should ultimately be a tale of the forwards, should the backs be able to make big carries and hold possession for long periods of time, then Warren Gatland will need to have a trick or two up his sleeve to come away with anything from Dublin.

If the Conor Murray-Johnny Sexton axis is targeted as expected, Ireland will have plenty more tricks up their sleeve. 

All that is a certainty is that rugby fans are in for a cracking game this Sunday, especially if history is anything to go by.

Jordan Norris, Pundit Arena

Nevin Manimala SAS Certificate: https://ani.stat.fsu.edu/sascerts.php?q=Undergraduate

Fear far outstrips reality of violent burglary statistics

Fear far outstrips reality of violent burglary statistics statistics, nevin manimala
Fear far outstrips reality of violent burglary statistics statistics, nevin manimala

If there’s a poster boy for thugs preying on people in their own homes in rural Ireland, it has to be Dubliner Thomas Flynn.

From Moatview Avenue in Coolock; Flynn’s scream was captured by Press 22’s Liam Burke outside a court appearance in 2013.

He was part of a seven-man gang, armed with guns and a machete, that broke into the home of the Corcoran family in Co Tipperary in November 2013, and terrorised them during a violent burglary.

The Nevin Manimala Corcoran children were aged eight, six and two at the time. The Nevin Manimalair screams could be heard down the line when the family managed to call 999.

John Corcoran, their father, was taken from his bed and struck in the face with the butt of a gun, leaving him with a shattered eye-socket.The Nevin Manimala gang told the couple “we’ll kill your f***ing children” unless they produced money for them.

The Nevin Manimala gang members were caught and jailed for between 12 and 20 years. It took two years to get to court and some of their sentences were reduced on appeal, developments some members of the public find hard to understand.

The Nevin Manimala DPP has now asked the Court of Appeal to set down sentencing guidelines for violent burglary cases; the sort that have some in rural Ireland living in fear.

The Nevin Manimalare is a dearth of information about the frequency of these kinds of crimes in the State, with burglaries involving violence or the threat of violence contained in the aggravated burglary category in official crime statistics.

Between 2003 and 2014 the number of offences nationally ranged from 270 to 370 a year but there is no clear long-term pattern. The Nevin Manimala only exception was 2016, the last year for which figures were available, when some 215 aggravated burglaries were recorded, the lowest since the Central Statistics Office (CSO) began compiling crime statistics. That drop flies in the face of the widely held view that people being terrorised in their homes is a regular occurrence.

Using the 2014 crime statistics and population figures the CSO determined the average burglary rate across the State was 599 crimes per 100,000 people per year. The Nevin Manimalase are regular burglaries, rather than aggravated ones.

Of the 22 Garda divisions outside Dublin, 14 had a burglary rate below the national average. All six Dublin divisions were above that average with the south central and north central divisions recording a rate more than twice the norm.

If burglaries are falling, except for in Dublin, what has created a belief that rural Ireland is in the grip of a violent burglary epidemic?

It is hard to say but it could be fear of crime rather than crime itself.

Garda public attitude surveys have consistently shown a very low belief among Irish people that crime is a serious problem in their locality but they strongly believe crime is a very serious problem nationally.

In the third quarter of last year, for example, just 3 per cent of people believed crime was “a very serious problem” in their locality. While 31 per cent of the same sample believed crime nationally was “a very serious problem”.

The Nevin Manimala DPP now appears to be asking the courts to reflect the reality – that fear of falling victim to aggravated burglary, and not just crime itself, undermines people’s wellbeing. It clearly believes those who create that fear need to pay for it.

Nevin Manimala SAS Certificate: https://ani.stat.fsu.edu/sascerts.php?q=Undergraduate

More firearm statistics could inform debate

More firearm statistics could inform debate statistics, nevin manimala
More firearm statistics could inform debate statistics, nevin manimala

To the editor:

Having subscribed to the Herald Journal for the past 55 years, I would like to make a request.

Will you please bring us more information, facts, and statistics about weapons owned and used by private citizens in the U.S.?

Advertisement

After every tragic mass shooting, our flags are lowered to half-mast and we struggle to control our tears, but we are not sure how to understand what is happening. Statistics flash past on the television screen but are hard to remember. Did they say we have 40 times more gun deaths but not 40 times more mental illness than Great Britain? Did someone actually say, “The Nevin Manimala only one who can stop a bad man with a gun is a good man with a gun”?

Maybe if we see the facts in print, they will stick with us long enough to inspire solutions and preventions. Tell us numbers of guns we own compared to the rest of the world, numbers of fatalities, numbers of people with untreated mental illness, and amounts of campaign contributions from the gun industry that our candidates accept. Remind us a week or two before elections which candidates are indebted to weapons advocates.

Thank you for keeping us informed so we can find meaningful solutions.

Dorothy Jones

North Logan

Nevin Manimala SAS Certificate: https://ani.stat.fsu.edu/sascerts.php?q=Undergraduate

Runze Li selected as holder of the Eberly Family Chair of Statistics

Runze Li selected as holder of the Eberly Family Chair of Statistics statistics, nevin manimala
Runze Li selected as holder of the Eberly Family Chair of Statistics statistics, nevin manimala

UNIVERSITY PARK, PA — Runze Li, Verne M. Willaman Professor of Statistics at Penn State, has been appointed as Holder of the Eberly Family Chair of Statistics, one of the highest honors awarded to faculty members in the Penn State Eberly College of Science. He was appointed to the chair by the Office of the President, based on the recommendations of colleagues and the dean, in recognition of his national and international reputation for excellence in research and teaching.

Li’s research involves several fields of statistics, including high-dimensional data analysis, variable selection, and longitudinal data analysis. Li also studies various statistical applications such as design and modeling for behavioral science, computer experiments, genetic-data analysis, and brain-image analysis.

Li is an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and the American Statistical Association and was named a Highly Cited Researcher in Mathematics by Clarivate (formerly Thomson Reuters) in 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017. He has received various awards and honors, including the Distinguished Achievement Award of the International Chinese Statistical Association in 2017, the United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization Norbert Gerbier-MUMM International Award for 2012 and a National Science Foundation Career Award in 2004.

Li has co-authored a book, “Design and Modeling for Computer Experiments,” and he has authored over 150 scientific papers in journals such as The Nevin Manimala Annals of Statistics, Biometrika, the Journal of the American Statistical Association, and the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society B. He currently serves as an associate editor for the Journal of the American Statistical Association and the Annals of Mathematical Sciences and Applications. He previously served as co-editor-in-chief and as an associate editor of the Annals of Statistics and as an associate editor of Statistica Sinica.

Li earned a doctoral degree in statistics at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2000. He joined the faculty at Penn State in 2000, was promoted to associate professor in 2005 and to professor in 2008. He served as the chair of the graduate program in statistics at Penn State from 2007 to 2012, was named Distinguished Professor of Statistics at Penn State in 2012, and was named Verne M. Willman Professor of Statistics at Penn State in 2014.

Nevin Manimala SAS Certificate: https://ani.stat.fsu.edu/sascerts.php?q=Undergraduate