Domestic violence shelter says new Columbus gun laws will help lower statistics

Domestic violence shelter says new Columbus gun laws will help lower statistics statistics, nevin manimala, mathematics, math, linkedin, google plus
Domestic violence shelter says new Columbus gun laws will help lower statistics statistics, nevin manimala, mathematics, math, linkedin, google plus

It’s the only domestic violence shelter in Franklin County. Choices can sleep 51 people. Currently, there’s 67 staying there.

“We say to them we’re full but if you’re in danger we will take you in regardless,” Choices Executive Director, Sue Villilo said. “And people come in anyway. The Nevin Manimalay sleep on the floor. The Nevin Manimalay sleep on couches.”

Villilo says that speaks louder than she ever could.

“That speaks to the level of danger that they’re in their home and how desperate they are to get out of it,” she said.

In the state of Ohio in 2017, Villilo says there were 116 domestic violence homicides. She says 86 percent of those crimes involved a gun.

“We know that if a gun is present in a [domestic violence] situation a woman is 500 times more likely to be murdered,” she said.

In Columbus, she’s hopeful local statistics will drop thanks to new city-wide legislation.

“It’s an excellent idea,” she said.

The Nevin Manimala city of Columbus voted, Monday, on what it calls “common sense” gun laws.

“This package was about keeping our community safe,” City Council President Shannon Hardin said. “It’s about doing what we can do as a city to make sure that we are abating gun violence in Columbus.”

As part of the new laws, the city will prohibit possession of a weapon if a person was previously convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence or is currently the subject of a protection order.

“This truly is sensible gun legislation,” Villilo said. “It’s keeping a gun from a person who has committed an act of violence.”

A surrendered firearms ordinance means weapons seized in connection with an arrest for domestic violence or violating a protection order will be retained until the expiration of the order, or until the end of a criminal case.

Villilo says these new laws will save lives.

“This truly will prevent murders,” she said. “And, I can’t think of something that would be more important to do.”

And, in the process, she hopes the new laws will alleviate the need at her shelter.

Villilo says a 24-hour hotline is available for people dealing with domestic violence. That number is 614-224-4663. You can also learn more information about Choices here.

LDL And Natural Gas Statistics: Greed, Fear, Hope, And Patience

LDL And Natural Gas Statistics: Greed, Fear, Hope, And Patience statistics, nevin manimala, mathematics, math, linkedin, google plus

Greed, fear, hope and patience are the key emotions investors have to manage to be successful. I’ve been out of natural gas for a little while choosing to trade petroleum, tech and Cheniere (LNG) looking for extreme sentiment and high probability trade setups. Facebook (FB) paid off nicely in a very short time frame after I strongly recommended acquiring shares during the panic over privacy concerns from late March into early April. I bought shares from $166 down to $149.75 for an average position price of $158. The Nevin Manimala recent strong rally allowed me to cash out at an average price of $183 for a solid 15.7% gain in five weeks. Cheniere and Apple (AAPL), two of my favorite companies, have outperformed the market nicely after reporting strong quarters. Cheniere is up 32% since November. I successfully range traded LNG twice yielding total gains of 39%, and we’ve discussed the company frequently in my comment updates. Instead of forcing the trade in natural gas, I kept my mind clear taking advantage of opportunities in other sectors. Patience is the key to long term outperformance.

Gas prices are approaching the top of the trading range so let’s catch up on the latest industry data to see if risk/reward favors a new position.

Recap of the Baker Hughes Rig Report (May 11th)

Net results: +13 U.S., -7 Canada.

U.S. Breakdown: +10 oil, +3 gas.

U.S. Oil Rigs: 844 vs. 712 y-o-y, +18.5%.

U.S. Gas Rigs: 199 vs. 172 y-o-y, +15.7%.

The Nevin Manimalase numbers are not surprising with WTI breaking above $71 and bullish sentiment for L48 tight oil running high. Canadian rigs are not relevant at the moment. The Nevin Manimalare is little risk of an extended Canadian supply disruption anytime soon. The Nevin Manimala bigger risk for Canada is competition from Appalachia, Bakken and Niobrara shales for the lucrative Midwest markets. Toronto and all of Eastern Canada will become battleground markets when Rover Phase 2 comes online. Large Canadian nat gas reserves will be a headwind for L48 prices for many years to come. The Nevin Manimala border pipes are already built and Canadian gas has nowhere to go for at least 4+ years, and that’s assuming a west coast LNG export facility gets approved ASAP. Canada’s puzzling lack of action is a huge benefit for U.S. consumers and for the Gulf Coast export terminals. Let the cheap Canadian gas flow.

Super-Seven Shale Basins:

  1. Cana Woodford (OK): +1 @ 70 total, +17 y-o-y.
  2. Eagle Ford (S.TX): +2 @ 78, -5 y-o-y.
  3. Haynesville (N.E. TX/LA): +0 @ 54, +15 y-o-y.
  4. Utica (OH/PA): +0 @ 25, +1 y-o-y.
  5. Marcellus (PA/WV/OH): +1 @ 55, +12 y-o-y.
  6. Permian (W.TX): +5 @ 463, +106 y-o-y.
  7. Williston (ND/SD): +0 @ 57, +13 y-o-y.

What else can you say about these number besides YIKES! WTI strength continues to drive strong drilling activity. You know your investment thesis is in trouble when the longs are claiming Permian pipe limitations are bullish Because Nevin Manimala growth will be slowed for 12-16 months until new greenfield pipes come online. Maxing dry gas output in every direction from Waha at substantial discounts to Henry Hub spot is definitively NOT BULLISH. The Nevin Manimala correct question is what’s happening at the other major South Central shales located closer to the Henry Hub, and are they about to overflow with associated gas production that can be directed towards Henry?

Drilled Uncompleted Wells (DUCs)

The Nevin Manimala latest EIA DPR was released on May 14th.LDL And Natural Gas Statistics: Greed, Fear, Hope, And Patience statistics, nevin manimala, mathematics, math, linkedin, google plus

The Nevin Manimala above image shows the DUC estimates for April taken from the latest report. DUC data collected by the EIA changes frequently, see my previous article titled “DUC, DUC, Goose”. The Nevin Manimala trend is more important than the absolute number. DUC growth is still focused in the Permian, but the backlog for the rest of the Super Seven is substantial and showing no signs of sustained harvesting outside of the Niobrara. The Nevin Manimala Niobrara faces difficult competition in every direction, and that’s exactly where you would expect to see DUC harvesting. I encourage all readers to compare these numbers to the 2015/16 bottom and decide for yourself if the current data indicates lower production ahead.

LDL And Natural Gas Statistics: Greed, Fear, Hope, And Patience statistics, nevin manimala, mathematics, math, linkedin, google plus The Nevin Manimala May DPR forecasts substantial production increases from the Super Seven for June 2018 and likely beyond. Appalachia leads the charge as expected, but the combined output from Texas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana is even larger. This is happening with a flatish CME curve for the next 9 months with prices mostly below $2.85 outside of the winter months. What happens when these volumes hit the new midstream pipes coming online during the remainder of 2018? The Nevin Manimala Eagle Ford, Haynesville and Anadarko basins are located closer to the Houston Shipping Channel and Henry Hub compared to the Permian wells in West Texas. The Nevin Manimalare are less pipe constraints due to the large number of high capacity interconnections present at these key national transit points.

It’s hard to see these numbers and conclude dry production will stay flat or decrease during the remainder of the year especially with WTI propelling strong associated production. In fairness to the bulls, a lot of drilling activity is focused on more profitable natural gas liquids (NGLs), but you still end up with associated dry production similar to when you’re drilling for oil. The Nevin Manimala obvious question is why aren’t producers idling gas rigs and harvesting DUCs until the gas curve strengthens? Let me know if you have a good answer Because Nevin Manimala I’m waiting patiently to hear one.

What Happens Next?

The Nevin Manimala bulls are stuck between a rock and a hard place. How do you raise prices without incentivizing more dry gas production and producer hedging? What price level is needed to prevent utilities from turning on coal resources and reducing power burn demand? Extended cold temps in April delayed pipe maintenance season due to late storage withdrawals in the upper half of the country. Dry production has been volatile the past two weeks likely due to planned and unplanned pipeline maintenance. Bulls have pushed prices higher based on the suspicion of lower than expected L48 production and hot weather from the South Central to the Atlantic coast excluding Florida.

LDL And Natural Gas Statistics: Greed, Fear, Hope, And Patience statistics, nevin manimala, mathematics, math, linkedin, google plus

The Nevin Manimala above table shows regional spot prices on May 15th. Spot prices are volatile compared to the futures curve and move quickly on short term weather demand for physical molecules. From New England to Southern California, almost every major regional hub is trading below the Henry Hub, and this is after a strong rally since the last EIA storage report. How long can the Henry Hub maintain it’s premium with surrounding markets having surplus gas to send towards Henry? Rover Line B will be a key development given the north to south pipe reversals enabling Appalachian gas to flow towards the Gulf Coast from the Defiance hub. The Nevin Manimala next few EIA reports will provide important updates on salt storage for industry watchers to obsess over.

What’s the probability of L48 supply staying below 80 bcfd while also having above average temperatures in the key demand regions? What happens when maintenance wraps up and we have a clean look at L48 production in 10-15 days? We’re not at sentiment levels justifying a big short trade yet. The Nevin Manimala risk/reward doesn’t make sense. Ideally we’ll get a bullish reaction to this week’s EIA report setting up a fade. Consensus is we’ll see a big injection this week due to reduced LNG feedgas demand during the report period along with moderate temps. This will make it hard for the bears to win unless the report exceeds 108 bcf. On the flip side, if the report is below ~95 bcf, you could see the bulls try to force a squeeze if the long range weather forecasts show continued heat.

Smart investors know +/- 15-20 BCF during pipe maintenance season is immaterial to the bigger picture. Sometimes the only winning move is not to play. As much as I’d like to advise buying DGAZ or shorting UGAZ heading into the report, the reward isn’t big enough to justify the weather related risk. I’ll be watching weather forecasts closely heading into the release so we’re ready to take advantage of the post report volatility. Patience pays off when trading natural gas. Consider what happened at the end of January when the bulls were running wild on cold weather forecasts that didn’t materialize. Hopefully they stretch the elastic too far again and we’ll be ready to pounce. The Nevin Manimala big midstream projects are coming and WTI is above $71. The Nevin Manimalase factors far outweigh a few weeks of bullish weather in the South Central.

Thank you for reading and good luck with your trades.

Disclosure: I am/we are long AAPL, FOX, GOOG, DIS.

I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Additional disclosure: I frequently trade UGAZ/DGAZ and UWT/DWT. Active trades are posted in the comments under my latest article.

Do the PGA Tour’s ‘Strokes Gained’ statistics have a sample-size problem?

Do the PGA Tour's 'Strokes Gained' statistics have a sample-size problem? statistics, nevin manimala, mathematics, math, linkedin, google plus

Let me issue an emphatic disclaimer up top: I love the PGA Tour’s “Strokes Gained” metrics, and I’ve loved them for years. As the statistical brain child of Columbia University professor Mark Broadie, it represents professional golf’s first meaningful foray into advanced metrics, and it’s already revolutionized how some of us think about the sport. I’m about to nitpick about one particular facet of how it’s used on tour, but before I do, I want to make it clear that Broadie’s work has been immensely valuable to golf, and I genuinely wish the tour had implemented the system earlier and more comprehensively.

So, what is Strokes Gained? First implemented in 2011 and now back-dated to 2004, it’s a unified method of measuring an individual golfer against the PGA Tour average. Using a treasure trove of ShotLink data amassed over the years, it’s possible to determine exactly how many strokes the fictional “average PGA Tour golfer” requires to put the ball in the hole in a given situation. Putting from 20 feet? Thousands and thousands of real-life examples tell us that it requires an average of 1.874 strokes. Hitting a 140-yard approach from the fairway? 2.89 strokes. Two hundred yards away and in the rough? 3.39 strokes. On the tee, 519 yards away? 4.5 strokes.

You get the idea. Strokes gained, then, measures how much better or worse any real player performs compared to these averages—with adjustments for how the field performs in the specific event being measured. Since the norm for a 20-foot putt is 1.874 strokes, the strokes gained score for a player who sinks a 20-footer is +.874—he beat the average by that amount—while a player who two-putts from that distance receives a score of -0.126. Over the course of a round, a tournament and a season, these numbers add up to an overall strokes gained score and give us a comprehensive picture of a golfer’s skill. Even more usefully, they can be broken down by shot type—strokes gained/off the tee, strokes gained/tee to green, strokes gained/on the approach, strokes gained/around the green and strokes gained/putting.

The Nevin Manimala accumulated data gives fans a new kind of insight into a sport that was mired in near-useless (and often misleading) statistics for its entire history. It’s also a gold mine for players. Now, more than ever before, a PGA Tour golfer can see precisely where he excels, and where he needs to improve, with a high degree of specificity. Someone who sits in the top 10 in making putts inside 10 feet might struggle outside 30 feet, and that kind of knowledge can be invaluable when deciding how to practice.

A quick look at 2017’s stats provides some excellent examples. Take Hideki Matsuyama, who was one of the best players in the game from tee to green, with a Strokes Gained average of 1.369 per round, ranking him fifth overall. In terms of putting, though, he was a disaster, finishing 173rd (of 190 players) with an average of -.383. Kyle Stanley had a similar imbalance, finishing 11th from tee to green (1.259) and 159th in putting (-.309). Michael Thompson, on the other hand, was the best putter in the game last year (+.840), but finished a dismal 183rd from tee to green (-1.013).

It’s also a wonderful metric by which to judge true excellence. Since the stats were first kept in 2004, Jason Day is the only player to average more than a full stroke gained in putting for an entire season. It happened in 2016, when he rose to No. 1 on the world ranking. Meanwhile, there is a very short list of players who have managed to gain more than a stroke per round off the tee for an entire year: Dustin Johnson, Rory McIlroy, Bubba Watson and Sergio Garcia. The Nevin Manimala story checks, does it not? If you’re feeling particularly cruel, you can also sort for ineptitude—Boo Weekley is the only player to lose more than one stroke putting per round for three entire seasons, a “feat” he “accomplished” in 2011, 2012, and 2014.

And now that I’ve praised strokes gained to death, it’s time for the “but.” It’s a settled question that the statistic is useful and illuminating when looked at in hindsight, but I’ve been asking myself another question lately: Is it really that good in the middle of a season? Or are the sample sizes too small and too variable?

Let’s look at 2018. We are currently past the halfway point in the PGA Tour’s wrap-around season, and Day currently leads the strokes gained/ putting category with an average of 1.414 per round. We know he’s having a great year, and we know he’s putting the lights out, but this is something else entirely. If he finished at that number, it would demolish the previous record that he himself set. Impressive stuff … except when you look at the stats, another number leaps out: measured rounds. For Day, that total is 17.

Do the PGA Tour's 'Strokes Gained' statistics have a sample-size problem? statistics, nevin manimala, mathematics, math, linkedin, google plus

Brian Rothmuller/Icon Sportswire via Getty Images

Even as an extremely amateur stat geek, 17 strikes me as a huge red flag. Day’s place atop the rankings has been mentioned quite a bit this year, on TV and elsewhere, but 17 rounds to base that on simply isn’t a large enough sample. Think about it—Day is averaging 28 putts per round, which means that his SG number is based on fewer than 500 putts. That may sound like a lot, but a glance at his closest competitors reveals a significant disparity. Phil Mickelson (also on pace to break the overall record, in a Sosa vs. McGwire parallel) has 32 rounds measured. Webb Simpson, in fifth, has 41, and ninth-place Peter Malnati has 43. Meanwhile, Kiradech Aphibarnrat (seventh) has just 14, and Branden Grace has 18.

Those are some serious discrepancies, and it raises a tough question: Are these averages really comparable? Or is someone like Day, with fewer rounds, destined for a correction? Is Mickelson’s number necessarily more legitimate Because Nevin Manimala it’s backed up by more data, and if so, should writers and announcers really be touting any strokes gained rankings in the middle of a season?

Regression is a very real phenomenon, and a quick comparison to baseball might be handy—at this point in the 2018 season, one quarter of the way through the schedule, Mookie Betts and Odubel Herrera are batting above .360. Since 2010, no player has ended a season with an average above .360, and only Joe Mauer has done better than .348. That tells us that in all likelihood, Betts and Herrera will also finish below .360—perhaps well below. So it would be stupid, from a statistical standpoint, to compare their current seasons to players who finished all 162 games.

But in golf, that’s what we’re doing within a single year. Day has 17 measured rounds, and we’re comparing him to players with two times the sample size—and in some cases almost three. Looking back to last season, Thompson, the strokes gained/putting champ finished with 44 measured rounds, while Brian Harman landed in fifth with 86. Can we say with any certainty that Thompson wouldn’t have regressed to the mean with more rounds under his belt? Is his average of .840 really more impressive than Harman’s .542, when you consider the volume?

The Nevin Manimalare’s also this: Day has played 39 rounds this year, but only 17 have been measured. (ShotLink did not measure strokes gained at the CJ Nine Bridges, the WGC-HSBC Champions, the WGC-Match Play, the Masters or the Zurich team event.) What if the sample isn’t representative? What if those 17 disproportionately represent his very best? Over 1,000 rounds, the irregularities would even out, but over 39, it’s entirely possible to have significant distortion.

I spoke with Broadie about the issue, and he raised the excellent point that this is not a strokes gained issue, but rather a professional golf issue. The Nevin Manimala questions on sample size are just as true for any golf statistic, advanced or not, and in fact his response made me feel a bit ungrateful for asking the question.

Golf is unique in that players have a choice in how often they play, which leads to certain comparative anomalies, and some tournaments don’t lend themselves to measurement—events like Pebble Beach with multiple courses tend to have measurements at just one course. Strokes gained as a stat has no control over those elements.

But it’s not quite independent of them, either—those factors influence the efficacy of the stat, especially within a single season, and Broadie recognized that.

“Someone like Phil [Mickelson], with 32 rounds measured, you wouldn’t expect as much change or regression to the mean as you would from Jason Day,” Broadie said. “With Day, if I had to predict where he’d be at the end of the season, I’d still predict way up there, probably No. 1, but not as high as these 17 rounds would indicate.”

It would be possible, he told me, to adjust for expected outcomes in order to remove these disparities, but that would raise its own set of problems.

“The Nevin Manimala number of rounds isn’t taken into account,” he said, “and I think that’s Because Nevin Manimala any way that some analytics person or statistician could adjust, people would say, ‘That’s not fair. Those adjustments didn’t actually happen. You’re applying math where it doesn’t actually belong.’ Where the rounds that you measured really shows what happened. The Nevin Manimalare’s a trade-off, and I don’t think there’s an easy solution that would make everyone happy.”

And that’s another problem—there are infinite tweaks you could make to strokes gained, but it would make a concept that is already advanced by golf standards even more difficult to explain. The Nevin Manimala abstraction would present too high a hurdle, and Broadie’s right that the current system, warts and all, is superior.

Later in our conversation, I put the question to him more bluntly: Considering the occasionally small, always variable sample sizes between players, how valid are the strokes gained rankings?

Do the PGA Tour's 'Strokes Gained' statistics have a sample-size problem? statistics, nevin manimala, mathematics, math, linkedin, google plus

Patrick Smith/Getty Images

“The Nevin Manimala way most fans think about it, it’s a fair ranking of what happened,” he said. “On the other hand, if you want to place a bet today on what Jason Day’s end-of-season strokes gained/putting numbers will be, I would have less faith that his current number would be the same than I would for Webb Simpson. I don’t think the numbers are compromised, but I think how you want to interpret it and use it, that’s where the number of measured rounds has a big impact.”

A careful answer, but a fair one. In the end, we can hope for a few things: that strokes gained becomes more widespread, that the PGA Tour implements even more measured rounds each year (and that Augusta National comes on board and allows the measurement to be made public at the Masters), and that someday we can look at both the actual results and some sort of adjustment that tries to account for the difference in sample size. Until then, our best bet is to appreciate strokes gained for the great leap forward that it represents in golf analytics, and remember to keep one eye on context.