Venezuela – Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband – Statistics and Analyses – PRNewswire

NEW YORK, June 6, 2019 /PRNewswire/ — Venezuela’s fixed-line teledensity was relatively high for the region before the steady growth in the number of lines came to an end in 2015.

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Since then the number of lines has plummeted, and by late 2018 teledensity had fallen to about 17%. The cause is largely linked to the country’s ongoing economic troubles, which have compelled many people to terminate fixed-line telecom services and others still to flee the country. The financial concerns of customers have been exacerbated by the decrepit state of much of the fixed network, hampered by the difficulty to pay for equipment from foreign vendors. This has resulted in a poor quality of service in many areas of the country. These pressures have also distorted sector revenue, though and have placed into disarray operators’ investment plans aimed at improving networks and expanding the reach and capabilities of new technologies and services.

The fixed broadband penetration rate is lower than the regional average, while data speeds are also relatively low. There is no effective competition in the provision of DSL, and as a result the state-owned incumbent CANTV has had little incentive to improve services from its meagre revenue streams.

Mobile penetration in Venezuela is also below the regional average. The number of mobile subscribers fell by almost 6% in the first half of 2018 as subscribers terminated services in a bid to reduce discretionary spending. The three MNOs Movilnet, Movistar and Digitel have also had to contend with widespread theft of equipment and with erratic electricity supply to their remaining base stations. Movistar has also been hit by currency restrictions and has depended on support from Telefónica Group to stay afloat. Nevertheless, it seems determined to remain in the market.

This report provides an overview of Venezuela’s telecom infrastructure, market and regulatory environment, together with profiles of the major fixed-line operators. It also provides a range of statistics and market analyses. The report also reviews the fixed and wireless broadband markets, as well as the mobile market, including an assessment of key market statistics and general sector analyses on a very difficult competitive environment.

Key developments:

Movilnet extends LTE population coverage to about half of the population;

Telefónica confirms intention to stay in Venezuela despite difficulties;

MNOs suffering from stolen or damaged infrastructure;

Movilnet reports having one million LTE subscribers by mid-2018;

Report update includes the regulators market data to June 2018, operator data updates to Q4 2018, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Movilnet, Movistar, Digitel, MovilMax, Tesacom, CANTV, Inter, NetUno, SuperCable, Alodiga, Multiphone, Totalcom, Convergía.

Henry LancasterMay 2019

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Venezuela - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses - PRNewswire nevin manimala

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Decoding Beethoven’s music style using data science

Decoding Beethoven's music style using data science statistics, science, nevin manimala
Decoding Beethoven's music style using data science statistics, science, nevin manimala

EPFL researchers are investigating Beethoven’s composition style and they are using statistical techniques to quantify and explore the patterns that characterize musical structures in the Western classical tradition. They confirm what is expected against the backdrop of music theory for the classical music era, but go beyond a music theoretical approach by statistically characterizing the musical language of Beethoven for the very first time. Their study is based on the set of compositions known as the Beethoven String Quartets and the results are published in PLOS ONE on June 6th, 2019.

“New state-of-the-art methods in statistics and data science make it possible for us to analyze music in ways that were out of reach for traditional musicology. The young field of Digital Musicology is currently advancing a whole new range of methods and perspectives,” says Martin Rohrmeier who leads EPFL’s Digital and Cognitive Musicology Lab (DCML) in the College of Humanities’ Digital Humanities Institute. “The aim of our lab is to understand how music works.”

The Beethoven String Quartets refer to 16 quartets encompassing 70 single movements that Beethoven composed throughout his lifetime. He completed his first String Quartet composition at the turn of the 19th century when he was almost 30 years old, and the last in 1826 shortly before his death. A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four musicians playing string instruments: two violins, the viola, and the cello.

From music analysis to big data

For the study Rohrmeier and colleagues plowed through the scores of all 16 of Beethoven’s String Quartets in digital and annotated form. The most time-consuming part of the work has been to generate the dataset based on ten thousands of annotations by music theoretical experts.

“We essentially generated a large digital resource from Beethoven’s music scores to look for patterns,” says Fabian C. Moss, first author of the PLOS ONE study.

When played, the String Quartets represent over 8 hours of music. The scores themselves contain almost 30,000 chord annotations. A chord is a set of notes that sound at the same time, and a note corresponds to a pitch.

In music analysis, chords can be classified according to the role they play in the musical piece. Two well-known types of chords are called the dominant and the tonic, which have central roles for the build-up of tension and release and for establishing musical phrases. But there is a large number of types of chords, including many variants of the dominant and tonic chords. The Beethoven String Quartets contain over 1000 different types of these chords.

“Our approach exemplifies the growing research field of digital humanities, in which data science methods and digital technologies are used to advance our understanding of real-world sources, such as literary texts, music or paintings, under new digital perspectives,” explains co-author Markus Neuwirth.

Beethoven’s statistical signature

Beethoven’s creative choices are now apparent through the filter of statistical analysis, thanks to this new data set generated by the researchers.

The study finds that very few chords govern most of the music, a phenomenon that is also known in linguistics, where very few words dominate language corpora. As expected from music theory on music from the classical period, the study shows that the compositions are particularly dominated by the dominant and tonic chords and their many variants. Also, the most frequent transition from one chord to the next happens from the dominant to the tonic. The researchers also found that chords strongly select for their order and, thus, define the direction of musical time. But the statistical methodology reveals more. It characterizes Beethoven’s specific composition style for the String Quartets, through a distribution of all the chords he used, how often they occur, and how they commonly transition from one to the other. In other words, it captures Beethoven’s composition style with a statistical signature.

“This is just the beginning,” explains Moss. “We are continuing our work by extending the datasets to cover a broad range of composers and historical periods, and invite other researchers to join our search for the statistical basis of the inner workings of music.”

Story Source:

Materials provided by Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Original written by Hillary Sanctuary. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Statistics for the Canadian Grand Prix – Reuters

Statistics for the Canadian Grand Prix - Reuters nevin manimala
Statistics for the Canadian Grand Prix - Reuters nevin manimala

(Reuters) – Statistics for Sunday’s Canadian Formula One Grand Prix in Montreal, the seventh race of the season.

Lap distance: 4.361km. Total distance: 305.27km (70 laps)

2018 pole: Sebastian Vettel (Germany) Ferrari

2018 winner: Vettel

Race lap record: One minute 13.622 seconds. Rubens Barrichello (Brazil), Ferrari, 2004.Start time: 1810 GMT (1410 local)


This weekend will be the 50th Canadian Grand Prix, and 40th in Montreal.

Hamilton has won six times in Montreal (in 2007, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017), including the first of his career. Another victory will equal Michael Schumacher’s record of seven in Canada.

The Briton can also beat the record he currently shares with Schumacher of six poles in Montreal.

Daniel Ricciardo (2014), Kimi Raikkonen (2005) and Sebastian Vettel (2013, 2018) have also won in Canada. Ricciardo’s first win in F1 was in Montreal. Raikkonen shares the record for fastest laps in Canada (four) with Schumacher.

The circuit is named after late Ferrari great Gilles Villeneuve. Ferrari have won 12 times in Canada, with seven poles and nine fastest laps.

The rain-hit Canadian Grand Prix of 2011 was Formula One’s longest race, lasting four hours, four minutes and 39.537 seconds. The safety car was deployed six times, another record.

The circuit is particularly tough on brakes.

Racing Point are Canadian owned and have the only current Canadian F1 race driver in Lance Stroll.


Hamilton has 77 victories from 235 races and is closing the gap to Schumacher’s record 91. He has also won 55 of the 106 races in the V6 turbo hybrid era that started in 2014.

Vettel, third on the all-time list, has 52.

Ferrari have won 235 races since 1950, McLaren 182, Williams 114, Mercedes 93 and Red Bull 59. Former champions McLaren and Williams have not won since 2012.


Hamilton has a record 85 career poles, Vettel 55.

Two of the six races so far this season have been won from pole – Bottas in Azerbaijan and Hamilton in Monaco.


Hamilton has 140 career podiums and needs to finish in the top three in every race this year to equal Schumacher’s record of 155. Vettel has 114.


Mercedes have won the first six races of the season, and the last eight in total.

The record for most successive wins by a team is 14, by Ferrari in 1952-53. McLaren won 11 in a row in 1988.

Reporting by Alan Baldwin, editing by Sudipto Ganguly

When Sizing Up Digital Innovations, Official Statistics Point At Caution (Part 1: Jobs) – Forbes

When Sizing Up Digital Innovations, Official Statistics Point At Caution (Part 1: Jobs) - Forbes nevin manimala
When Sizing Up Digital Innovations, Official Statistics Point At Caution (Part 1: Jobs) - Forbes nevin manimala

The rapid growth of smartphone enabled ride-hailing services like Uber and Lyft represents one of the biggest recent technological changes to daily life. One wonders what other areas, beyond transportation, iPhones and Androids might soon upend.

In recent years, some prominent, Uber-like disruptors have emerged. As just a few examples, there’s Handy, which provides on-demand cleaning and installation services, and Upwork connects individuals and businesses with on-demand labor for projects in IT, design, accounting and more.

But technological possibility seldom echoes economic reality. Case in point: The recent snail’s-pace growth of gig jobs illustrates the need for caution in interpreting how digital applications will reshape key elements of the labor market.

Up until recently, little data from the U.S. government existed on recent worker participation in “gig” arrangements such as independent contractors, temporary help agency work and workers provided by contract firms. The last time the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) conducted a special survey to measure involvement in the gig economy was in 2005. But Congress discontinued funding for this survey for more than a decade and brought it back to life only recently, in 2017.

Given the rapid changes in digital technology and their visible impact on consumers and businesses in the past decade, numerous studies looking at the gig economy on labor markets were constrained by partial evidence due to the void in hard statistical information from the BLS. For example, in 2015 a survey was conducted with support from the RAND Corporation that used a telephone survey to simulate the lapsed one from the BLS. Its efforts to mimic the BLS methodology were quite sophisticated but necessarily incomplete without the same level of resources as the BLS itself. The report detailing the survey results found that the share of contingent and alternative work arrangements skyrocketed from 10.7% of employment in 2005 to 15.8% in 2015.

Person using the Uber app (


Taking those figures at face value, this would mean that a whopping 94% of new jobs created in the U.S. between 2005 and 2015 were non-traditional jobs. That number continues to reverberate in media and political circles, because it illustrates a profound change in the relationship between employers and employees, as well as a shift in job prospects for millions of Americans.

But when Congress resuscitated the BLS survey that had gone dark for over a decade, the results told a fundamentally different story than the RAND-sponsored one. The new BLS survey, released in 2018, showed that the share of employees working in contingent and alternative work arrangements had in fact declined between 2005 and 2017, from 10.7% to 10.1%. So, despite the proliferation of platforms enabled by mobile devices, the new BLS data illustrate that the share of Americans working in non-traditional jobs has remained largely unchanged since 2005.

Following the publication of the new BLS estimates, economist Lawrence Katz along with Alan Krueger (who recently passed away after an illustrious career as a labor economist and policy advisor) compared their panel results (the RAND-sponsored survey) with those from the BLS survey. They provide new evidence that suggests that the government’s estimates tend to mismanage instances of multiple job holdings. And, they also describe how the strengthening of the labor market likely allowed some gig workers to find full-time permanent positions between 2015 and 2017.

Apart from the new BLS data, other recent data poured more cold water on the narrative of platform proliferation. In 2015, one report found that Uber and Lyft accounted for the vast majority of searches for online labor market platforms. Moreover, it turns out that growth among one-person businesses was faster between 2002 and 2007 than between 2010 and 2015, directly contradicting the idea that mobile platforms were driving employers and employees towards non-traditional work arrangements. The more important development compared to the impact of mobile devices has probably been that employers have moved many jobs in non-core functions, like janitorial services and computer support, from their own payrolls to professional service contractors.

It is important to note that new inventions do not automatically imply adoption. Today, firms could hire all workers in an on-demand spot labor market and workers could work in such a market, but neither group has chosen to do so as was anticipated before. While using such platforms is a better way of finding workers or jobs than what was previously available, consumer habits, management practices and government regulations must adapt to new technologies for them to reach full flower. Even though stories of change will likely draw more attention than stories of continuity, we should remain data-driven in assessing the impact of technological change on the economy.

With thanks to Brian Schaitkin, Senior Economist at The Conference Board. This column is the first in a two-part series on what we can learn from recent government statistics about the impact of the digital economy. This column focuses on its impact on jobs; the next will focus on its impact on output, investment and productivity growth.

Career Placement Statistics Demonstrate Graduate Success | Illinois Wesleyan – Illinois Wesleyan University

Career Placement Statistics Demonstrate Graduate Success | Illinois Wesleyan - Illinois Wesleyan University nevin manimala

June 3, 2019

Career Placement Statistics Demonstrate Graduate Success | Illinois Wesleyan - Illinois Wesleyan University nevin manimala Miyka’El Jones ’22 meets with a recruiter from ADM at the 2018 IWU Career Fair.

BLOOMINGTON, Ill. –– Illinois Wesleyan University far surpasses most other institutions in preparing graduates for their careers, according to an annual graduate survey from the Hart Career Center and a job placement analysis by Zippia.

Based on 86.7% of recent graduates who responded to the Hart Career Center survey, 96.6% are either employed or in higher education programs within six months of graduating from Illinois Wesleyan. Additionally, the University’s high career placement rate landed Illinois Wesleyan at the top of Zippia’s list of “Best Colleges For Jobs in Illinois.”

The list from Zippia, a career advice website, used public data from Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) and the U.S. Department of Education’s College Scorecard to analyze job placement ratings of four-year institutions in Illinois, with a focus on employment levels 10 years after graduation.

Not only do Illinois Wesleyan alumni find jobs quickly, they find jobs that reward them for their knowledge and skills. The average full-time starting salary for 2018 graduates was $47,486, taking into consideration graduates in healthcare, education, technology, and other growing sectors. Another recent Zippia survey ranked IWU No. 1 in Illinois among “Small Colleges with the Highest Earning Graduates by State.”

The National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) identifies critical thinking/problem solving, oral/written communication skills, teamwork/collaboration, information technology application, leadership, professionalism/work ethic, and career management as core competencies for career readiness, and Hart Career Center Director Warren Kistner ’83 says an Illinois Wesleyan education instills students with these very skills.

“I believe it is a combination of factors that lead to our students’ success,” Kistner explained. “Strong academics, a diverse array of extracurricular activities, practical experience in their field of interest, and many other experiences prepare students to contribute to the success of an organization and/or excel in graduate/professional school.”

Furthermore, WalletHub named Illinois Wesleyan 22nd in the nation in its annual Best Colleges Ranking, and it’s not the only college advice website which has acknowledged the success of the University and its graduates. To read more about what others have to say about Illinois Wesleyan, visit IWU’s Best Value Rankings page.

By Rachel McCarthy ’21

Six Ways To Use Statistics To Drive Your SME’s Strategy – Forbes

Six Ways To Use Statistics To Drive Your SME's Strategy - Forbes nevin manimala
Six Ways To Use Statistics To Drive Your SME's Strategy - Forbes nevin manimala

What do your business’s vital statistics tell you? The short answer is it depends on how you look at them: your financial data and management information will tell you what’s happened in the business to date, but for most small and medium-sized enterprises, the greater value lies in what the numbers suggest might happen in the future. As in a car, the rear-view mirror is useful, but what drivers need most is a clear vision of what lies ahead.

That’s easier said than done. Hard-pressed SMEs often lack specialist finance teams to turn raw data into business insight; they may be led by executives trying to manage operational responsibilities as well as to think strategically; and they don’t always have access to third-party advisers who can help paint the bigger picture while also getting the detail right.

Professional advice is certainly worth considering, if it will help you build strategy from your statistics, but there’s plenty you can do in-house too, if you know what to focus on. Consider these six areas for starters:

Crunching the cash flow

Cash is king for most SMEs – even successful businesses have gone under because of short-term cash flow difficulties. Based on your previous cash flows, try to identify where the potential vulnerabilities might lie and how you can tackle the problems before they escalate – for example, by building daily cash flow forecasts so you can spot a crunch moment well before it arrives.

It’s not just daily operations you’ll need to consider. The cash in your business will be a key factor in its ability to grow. Do you have the headroom required to expand into new markets, for example, or to offer new products and services, or to open new outlets? If not, should you consider working capital finance?

Managing the risk

Successful businesses know that the good times may not last forever and they work hard to understand what might cause them difficulties. A crucial part of anticipating future risk is understanding where your business’s exposures lie – and whether one of those exposures is excessive.

Take, for example, your customer base. You may have diversified across different parts of the market, but do you also have a sufficient spread of customers? If you’re over-dependent on any single customer, its problems will very rapidly become yours. That may not be obvious until you’ve crunched the data.

Modelling the future

The top-down view of your business’s future is what it hopes to achieve. The bottom-up perspective covers how those targets might be met. For example, your goal might be to move into a new overseas market – in which case, factors to consider will include distribution, the supply chain, sales and marketing.

To link these two views, you’ll need to construct financial models that map out the future according to your goals. Adjust for factors such as the economic climate, the dynamics of your market and the nature and scale of your ambitions, in order to plot a roadmap to achieving your ambitions.

Production process: is your business set up for success?


Grinding the granular

Entrepreneurs very often bring a particular set of skills to their business ventures: creativity, ambition, passion and commitment are attributes that spring to mind. Very quickly, however, they must also learn the nitty-gritty of running a growing company – in particular, they have to get to grips with financing issues despite having no training or experience in accounting.

The danger is that the detail gets missed – the headline numbers may make sense, but not what lurks beneath. Think about the knowledge gaps in your business and how to close them.

Opening up opportunities

Is your businesses confident it knows how to grasp the opportunities ahead of them – and which specific opportunities are worth grasping. How, for example, do SMEs make the jump to the digital world, given the opportunity it offers to scale up rapidly without major infrastructure investment? What do the numbers tell you about which investments will generate the greatest returns?

You may never have had to confront these challenges before – in which case, working with advisers who’ve helped others with them may be invaluable.

Adjusting to the agenda

As well as the small print, successful entrepreneurs assess the broadest possible picture of what lies ahead – including the external factors that may impact on your business. What’s happening in your industry – and what might that mean for you – and what are the challenges coming down the track for all SMEs? That might be anything from Brexit to increases in the national minimum wage. What impact would change have on the finances of your business and how do you plan accordingly?

Caleb Niehaus again has key blow for Castle; Knights advance in Class 4A regional – Evansville Courier & Press

Caleb Niehaus again has key blow for Castle; Knights advance in Class 4A regional - Evansville Courier & Press nevin manimala

EVANSVILLE – In this age of analytics, sometimes the old-school saying “statistics are for losers” still readily applies.

Purdue-bound Martinsville starter Brandon Dodson had allowed just three earned runs in 53-2/3 innings entering the Artesians’ Class 4A regional baseball semifinal Saturday against Castle at Bosse Field.

Undaunted, the No. 8 Knights scored three earned runs in the first three innings and rolled to an 8-2 victory.

Once again, freshman and No. 9 hitter Caleb Niehaus came to the forefront. His bases-loaded double to left-center field boosted the Knights’ advantage to 6-1 in the third.

Castle will play the winner of Saturday’s second semifinal between No. 3 Columbus East (22-4) and Jeffersonville (18-6) at 6 p.m. for the title. The Knights are the defending regional champion.

To be fair, Dodson (8-1) did allow only those three earned runs in his four innings of work, as the Artesians committed four errors behind him.

Niehaus had an RBI grounder in the second as he finished with four runs batted in for the first time in his brief varsity career.

“It feels good,” he said. “I got a fastball upstairs. I was looking for a ball to hit and he threw it in the right spot.”

His two-run double snapped a 6-6 tie in the 10th as the Knights went on to defeat Jasper 10-7 in the sectional semifinals, also at Bosse Field, on May 25.

Like Dodson, Castle starter Blake Ciuffetelli entered the semifinal with a perfect record. Bound for the University of Southern Indiana, Ciuffetelli threw a complete game, scattering six hits in improving to 8-0. 

“I just try to pay attention to myself, not what they do,” he said. 

Ciuffetelli settled down after allowing three successive singles in the bottom of the first. He wriggled out of the jam, giving up one run.

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“They scored one run,” he said. “I knew I had the ball up. But that’s where i settled in.”

This story will be updated.

More: Niehaus delivers game-winner in 10th for Castle in Class 4A sectional baseball semifinals

More: Ciuffetelli leads Castle’s band of brothers into Class 4A regional

CLOSECaleb Niehaus again has key blow for Castle; Knights advance in Class 4A regional - Evansville Courier & Press nevin manimala

Castle’s Blake Ciuffetelli was winning pitcher in 4A regional title game last year, hopes to lift Knights in regional semis on Saturday Gordon Engelhardt, Courier & Press

Student Opportunity to Meet and Greet Mentors at JSM

Student Opportunity to Meet and Greet Mentors at JSM nevin manimala

The Government Statistics Section (GSS) will host a mentoring roundtable at JSM 2019. GSS mentoring is designed to encourage diverse participation and engage young professionals and students who may not normally have access to or interaction with more senior, advanced-career members of the GSS community.

The GSS mentoring session will provide an opportunity for an informal “meet and greet” between GSS mentors and mentees, as well as organized mentor/mentee activities. Exercises—based on a professional mentoring program—will provide small-group, face-to-face time; opportunities for career discussions; and targeted coaching on “professional small talk.”

Students and young professionals within five years of their degree are eligible to apply by June 30.

2019 GSS Mentors

Student Opportunity to Meet and Greet Mentors at JSM nevin manimala
Wendy Martinez
ASA President-Elect
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Student Opportunity to Meet and Greet Mentors at JSM nevin manimalaBarry Nussbaum
ASA Former President
Environmental Protection Agency (Retired)




Student Opportunity to Meet and Greet Mentors at JSM nevin manimalaStephanie Shipp
Deputy Director and Professor
University of Virginia