A new linear regression-like residual for survival analysis, with application to genome wide association studies of time-to-event data.
PLoS One. 2020;15(5):e0232300
Authors: Vieland VJ, Seok SC, Stewart WCL
In linear regression, a residual measures how far a subject’s observation is from expectation; in survival analysis, a subject’s Martingale or deviance residual is sometimes interpreted similarly. Here we consider ways in which a linear regression-like interpretation is not appropriate for Martingale and deviance residuals, and we develop a novel time-to-event residual which does have a linear regression-like interpretation. We illustrate the utility of this new residual via simulation of a time-to-event genome-wide association study, motivated by a real study seeking genetic modifiers of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. By virtue of its linear regression-like characteristics, our new residual may prove useful in other contexts as well.
PMID: 32365095 [PubMed – in process]