J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2022 Jun 8. doi: 10.1089/lap.2022.0123. Online ahead of print.
Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is associated with the long-term development of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Recent studies on LSG with fundoplication showed a lower rate of postoperative GERD than LSG alone; however, there is a lack of objective instrumental data in the literature. This study aimed to evaluate whether and how fundoplication associated with Sleeve Gastrectomy affects the esophagogastric physiology. Materials and Methods: This prospective observational study included 20 patients with morbid obesity, GERD, and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) hypotonia. All the patients underwent LSG with Rossetti fundoplication. High-resolution manometry was performed pre- and postoperatively. All the patients completed the 6 months follow-up. Results: The fundoplication increased LES tone in all patients. The increase in the LES tone was statistically significant (330% increase). The integrated relaxation pressure and the distal contractile integral both increased accordingly, indicating an increased esophageal effort to pass through the modified esophagogastric junction. Conclusion: Rossetti fundoplication associated with LSG increased LES tone and decreased the chance of developing long-term GERD after LSG.