JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. 2022 Jun 1;60(250):511-516. doi: 10.31729/jnma.7491.
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and disability in Asian population. Dyslipidemia is considered a major risk factor for various cardiovascular diseases. The study aimed to find the prevalence of dyslipidemia among patients with ischemic stroke in the Department of Medicine of a tertiary care centre.
METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 150 diagnosed cases of ischemic stroke admitted in the Department of Medicine from 1st October, 2020 to 1st October, 2021. The ethical clearance was taken from the Institutional Review Committee (Reference number: 358/2077/78). Fasting blood samples were collected from the patients, serum lipids were measured and atherogenic indices of plasma were calculated. Demographic, anthropometric and cardiovascular risk factors related data were collected. Data were entered in Microsoft Excel 2010 and analysis was using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 22.0. Point estimate at 95% Confidence Interval was calculated along with frequency and proportion for binary data, and mean and standard deviation for continuous data.
RESULTS: The prevalence of dyslipidemia among the ischemic stroke patients was 120 (80.00%) (73.60-86.40 at 95% Confidence Interval). High total cholesterol was found in 64 (53.33%) patients, high triglycerides in 70 (58.33%), high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in 54 (45.00%) and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in 51 (42.50%) patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dyslipidemia among ischemic stroke patients was higher than the studies done in similar settings.
KEYWORDS: dyslipidemia; ischemic stroke; lipid; prevalence.