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Urinary Tract Infection among Post-renal Transplant Patients in the Department of Nephrology of a Tertiary Care Centre: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. 2022 Jun 1;60(250):507-510. doi: 10.31729/jnma.7496.


INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection is the most common infection among renal transplant recipients and increases the risk of hospitalization or even death. The study aimed to find the prevalence of urinary tract infection among post-renal transplant patients in the Department of Nephrology of a tertiary care centre.

METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study which was conducted among 217 post-renal transplant patients at the Department of Nephrology of a tertiary care centre from 1st November, 2017 to 31st October, 2018. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Committee (Reference number: 245(6-11-E)2074-75). Convenience sampling was used. The data were entered in Microsoft Excel 2011 and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20.0. Point estimate at 95% Confidence Interval was calculated along with frequency and proportion for binary data and mean with standard deviation for continuous data.

RESULTS: Among 217 patients, urinary tract infection was seen in 27 (12.44%) (8.05-16.83 at 95% Confidence Interval). One (3.70%) patient had the infection within three months of transplant, and 17 (62.96%) had infection after more than a year of transplant.

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of urinary tract infection among kidney transplant recipients in our study was lower than previous studies done in similar settings.

KEYWORDS: Escherichia coli; hypertension; kidney; transplants.

PMID:35690975 | DOI:10.31729/jnma.7496

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