Genome Biol. 2022 Jun 15;23(1):129. doi: 10.1186/s13059-022-02688-w.
A challenge in bulk gene differential expression analysis is to differentiate changes due to cell type-specific gene expression and cell type proportions. SCADIE is an iterative algorithm that simultaneously estimates cell type-specific gene expression profiles and cell type proportions, and performs cell type-specific differential expression analysis at the group level. Through its unique penalty and objective function, SCADIE more accurately identifies cell type-specific differentially expressed genes than existing methods, including those that may be missed from single cell RNA-Seq data. SCADIE has robust performance with respect to the choice of deconvolution methods and the sources and quality of input data.