Sci Rep. 2022 Jun 20;12(1):10362. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-14190-1.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether thin-slice high-resolution 2D fat-suppressed proton density-weighted image of the knee joint using denoising approach with deep learning-based reconstruction (dDLR) with MPR is more useful than 3D FS-PD multi planar voxel image. Twelve patients who underwent MRI of the knee at 3T and 13 knees were enrolled. Denoising effect was quantitatively evaluated by comparing the coefficient of variation (CV) before and after dDLR. For the qualitative assessment, two radiologists evaluated image quality, artifacts, anatomical structures, and abnormal findings using a 5-point Likert scale between 2D and 3D. All of them were statistically analyzed. Gwet’s agreement coefficients were also calculated. For the scores of abnormal findings, we calculated the percentages of the cases with agreement with high confidence. The CV after dDLR was significantly lower than the one before dDLR (p < 0.05). As for image quality, artifacts and anatomical structure, no significant differences were found except for flow artifact (p < 0.05). The agreement was significantly higher in 2D than in 3D in abnormal findings (p < 0.05). In abnormal findings, the percentage with high confidence was higher in 2D than in 3D (p < 0.05). By applying dDLR to 2D, almost equivalent image quality to 3D could be obtained. Furthermore, abnormal findings could be depicted with greater confidence and consistency, indicating that 2D with dDLR can be a promising imaging method for the knee joint disease evaluation.