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Peritumoral radiomics features on preoperative thin-slice CT images can predict the spread through air spaces of lung adenocarcinoma

Sci Rep. 2022 Jun 20;12(1):10323. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-14400-w.


The spread through air spaces (STAS) is recognized as a negative prognostic factor in patients with early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. The present study aimed to develop a machine learning model for the prediction of STAS using peritumoral radiomics features extracted from preoperative CT imaging. A total of 339 patients who underwent lobectomy or limited resection for lung adenocarcinoma were included. The patients were randomly divided (3:2) into training and test cohorts. Two prediction models were created using the training cohort: a conventional model based on the tumor consolidation/tumor (C/T) ratio and a machine learning model based on peritumoral radiomics features. The areas under the curve for the two models in the testing cohort were 0.70 and 0.76, respectively (P = 0.045). The cumulative incidence of recurrence (CIR) was significantly higher in the STAS high-risk group when using the radiomics model than that in the low-risk group (44% vs. 4% at 5 years; P = 0.002) in patients who underwent limited resection in the testing cohort. In contrast, the 5-year CIR was not significantly different among patients who underwent lobectomy (17% vs. 11%; P = 0.469). In conclusion, the machine learning model for STAS prediction based on peritumoral radiomics features performed better than the C/T ratio model.

PMID:35725754 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-022-14400-w

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