Nevin Manimala Statistics

Fertility preservation practices for female oncofertility differ significantly across the USA: results of a survey of SREI members

J Assist Reprod Genet. 2022 Jul 23. doi: 10.1007/s10815-022-02567-0. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: The field of oncofertility has maintained an important focus on improving access, yet standardized practices are lacking. To assess how female cancer patients are provided oncofertility care, we sought to determine provider-level differences and whether there are physician or practice characteristics that predict these variations.

METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was sent to SREI members. The survey included fifteen questions about physician practice characteristics and oncofertility cryopreservation protocols. Topics included ovarian stimulation protocols, fertilization techniques, stage of embryo cryopreservation, routine use of pre-implantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A), and ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC). Statistical analyses assessed whether practice setting, geographic region, time in practice, and mandatory state insurance coverage had effects on cryopreservation protocols.

RESULTS: A total of 141 (17%) from diverse REI practice backgrounds completed the survey. The median number of new female oncofertility consults per year was 30 (range 1 to 300). Providers in academic settings treated more patients (median 40 vs. 15, p < 0.001). Providers in academic settings more often use gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (85% vs. 52%, p < 0.001) and perform OTC (41% vs. 4%, p < 0.001). Providers in academic practices were less likely to perform intracytoplasmic sperm injection in every cycle (37% vs. 55%, p = 0.032) and less likely to usually advise PGT-A (21% vs. 36%, p = 0.001). Mandated state insurance coverage had no effect on oncofertility practices.

CONCLUSION: Oncofertility practices vary among providers. Factors such as practice setting and region may affect the services provided. We do not yet know the best practices in oncofertility patients, and future research is needed.

PMID:35870098 | DOI:10.1007/s10815-022-02567-0

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