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Male Predisposition in Cerebellar Mutism Syndrome: a Cohort Study

Cerebellum. 2022 Jul 23. doi: 10.1007/s12311-022-01449-6. Online ahead of print.


The aim of this study was to explore the association between sex and cerebellar mutism syndrome and to examine other potential risk factors. This ambispective cohort study examined 218 pediatric patients (132 boys) with a posterior fossa tumor who underwent tumor resection from July 2013 to March 2021. The patients’ demographics and tumor characteristics were examined and statistically analyzed to explore the associations among the variables. Multivariable and subgroup analyses were conducted to validate the independent risk factors for cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS). The male and female patients did not differ significantly in terms of age, tumor size, tumor location, tumor consistency, VP shunt placement before resection, extent of resection, or surgeon, as well as with respect to the presence of hydrocephalus or paraventricular edema. The overall incidence of CMS was 32.6%. The incidence of CMS was significantly higher in male patients than that in female patients (41.7% vs. 18.6%; P = 0.001). In the multivariable analysis, male sex (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 3.27; P = 0.001), solid tumor consistency (adjusted OR, 5.61; P = 0.001), midline location (adjusted OR, 3.78; P = 0.004), and hydrocephalus (adjusted OR, 2.56; P = 0.047) were independent risk factors for the CMS. Chi-square analysis revealed that solid tumor consistency and midline location were associated with medulloblastoma (P < 0.001). Male patients had a higher risk of developing CMS after a posterior fossa tumor resection. Midline location, solid tumor consistency, and hydrocephalus were independent risk factors for CMS.

PMID:35870083 | DOI:10.1007/s12311-022-01449-6

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