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Predictors of intraocular pressure reduction after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery versus conventional phacoemulsification surgery: a prospective trial

Int Ophthalmol. 2022 Jul 23. doi: 10.1007/s10792-022-02427-x. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction and phacoemulsification parameters in patients who underwent both conventional phacoemulsification surgery (CPS) and femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS).

METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter comparative study that enrolled 90 participants who underwent cataract surgery at the University of Maryland Medical System and the Wilmer Eye Institute. Patients underwent FLACS in one eye and CPS in the fellow eye. IOP was measured prior to surgery and monitored through six months postoperatively. Demographic, clinical, biometric, and intraoperative variables including cumulative dissipated energy (CDE), aspiration time, and phacoemulsification time were analyzed for any significant association with postoperative IOP. Postoperative IOP reduction was the primary outcome variable. A secondary goal of the study was to determine differences in postoperative IOP reduction between CPS and FLACS cohorts.

RESULTS: In total, 157 non-glaucomatous eyes were included. Using multivariable analysis, we found preoperative IOP to be consistently associated with postoperative IOP reduction in the entire cohort. At the 6-month follow-up visit, there was a 12.4% reduction in IOP (-2.2 ± 3.4 mm Hg) seen, with no statistically significant difference between FLACS and CPS (12.3% ± 19.4% vs 12.5% ± 19.3%, respectively, p = 0.32). FLACS reduced the CDE required for phacoemulsification (6.6 ± 4.4%-seconds vs 8.6 ± 6.9%-seconds, respectively, p < 0.05). CDE was a predictor of IOP response at 6 months, but subgroup analysis revealed that this trend was driven by seven eyes requiring high CDE, and for the majority of eyes, CDE did not influence the size of the decrease. The seven eyes experiencing highest CDE were less likely to show IOP reduction at 6 months.

CONCLUSION: Both FLACS and CPS resulted in similar and significant IOP reductions through 6 months after surgery. Preoperative IOP was significantly associated with IOP reduction, and CDE generally did not influence the size of the decrease.

PMID:35870049 | DOI:10.1007/s10792-022-02427-x

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