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Safety and efficacy of low-dose rt-PA with tirofiban to treat acute non-cardiogenic stroke: a single-center randomized controlled study

BMC Neurol. 2022 Jul 27;22(1):280. doi: 10.1186/s12883-022-02808-w.


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The recanalization rate after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) is not enough and there is still the possibility of re-occlusion. We aim to investigate the effectiveness and safety of infusing tirofiban after IVT.

METHODS: We performed a prospective controlled study of 60 patients with acute non-cardiogenic ischemic stroke who were hospitalized in Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019. The patients were divided into 2 groups: those who received tirofiban for 24 h after IVT (rt-PA + T group) and those who did not receive postprocedural intravenous tirofiban (rt-PA group). The rt-PA + T group received low-dose rt-PA (0.6 mg/kg). The rt-PA group received standard dose rt-PA (0.9 mg/kg). The main outcome measure were safety, included the symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH), any ICH, severe systemic bleeding, and mortality. The secondary outcome measure is curative efficacy which were evaluated by the 7d-NIHSS score and functional outcomes at 90 days. During hospitalization, the deterioration of neurological function was recorded.

RESULTS: All patients completed the follow-up with complete data, there were 30 patients in each of groups. The general characteristics between the two group patients had no statistically significant differences. Compared with the rt-PA + T group and the rt-PA group, in terms of safety, the rates of the sICH, severe systemic bleeding, and mortality in both groups were 0, and there was no statistically significant difference in the rates of any ICH between the two groups (10.0% vs. 3.3%, P = 0.306). In terms of efficacy, the rate of the early neurological deterioration events (END) was no statistical significance (0 vs. 6.6%, P = 0.246). There was no significant difference in the NIHSS score between the two groups before the IVT, and also at 24 h, however, the 7d-NIHSS score was lower in the rt-PA + T group compared with the rt-PA group (2.33 ± 1.85 vs. 4.80 ± 4.02, P = 0.004). At 90 days, 83.3% of patients in the rt-PA + T group had favorable functional outcomes compared with 60.0% of patients in the rt-PA group (P = 0.045).

CONCLUSIONS: Low-dose rt-PA combined with tirofiban in acute non-cardiogenic ischemic stroke did not increase the risk of ICH, and mortality, and it was associated with neurological improvement.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial has been registered at the ChiCTR and identified as ChiCTR1800014666 (28/01/2018).

PMID:35897006 | DOI:10.1186/s12883-022-02808-w

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