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Clinical efficacy of magnesium sulfate injection in the treatment of masseter muscle trigger points: a randomized clinical study

BMC Oral Health. 2022 Sep 19;22(1):408. doi: 10.1186/s12903-022-02452-3.


OBJECTIVE: Myofascial pain syndrome with trigger points is the most common cause of nonodontogenic pain. Although injection of the trigger points is the most effective pain reduction treatment, many patients exhibit recurrence after a short period. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of magnesium sulfate injections in the treatment of the masseter muscle trigger points when compared to saline injections.

MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study randomly (1:1) assigned 180 patients to one of two treatment groups based on whether their trigger points were injected with 2 ml of saline or magnesium sulfate. Pain scores, maximum mouth opening (MMO), and quality of life were measured at the pre-injection and 1, 3, and 6 months post-injection.

RESULTS: The pain scores were significantly higher in the saline group during all follow-up assessments, whereas the MMO was significantly higher in the magnesium sulfate group up to 3 months of follow-up (p < 0.001). However, the difference in MMO ceased to be statistically significant after 6 months of follow-up (p = 0.121). Additionally, the patient’s quality of life score was significantly higher in the magnesium sulfate group compared to the saline group (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Injection of magnesium sulfate is an effective treatment measure for myofascial trigger points. However, further studies with a proper design addressing the limitations of the current study are necessary.

CLINICALTRIALS: org (ID: NCT04742140) 5/2/2021.

PMID:36123724 | DOI:10.1186/s12903-022-02452-3

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