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Safety and efficacy of romiplostim in children and adolescents with Immune thrombocytopenia: A systematic review

Hematol Transfus Cell Ther. 2022 Oct 17:S2531-1379(22)01426-2. doi: 10.1016/j.htct.2022.09.1275. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of romiplostim (thrombopoietin-receptor agonist) in the treatment of pediatric immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).

METHODS: Searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and (from January 2011 to August 2021). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), double-blind, comparing romiplostim with a placebo in pediatric persistent or chronic ITP were included. The primary outcome was the overall response rate (platelets ≥ 50 × 109/L) in the absence of rescue therapy for at least two consecutive weeks. The secondary endpoints were the minimization of clinically significant bleeding and the necessity for rescue treatments and the maximization of safety (incidence of overall adverse events) and durable response (maintaining platelet counts for at least twelve weeks).

RESULTS: Two double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trials (84 participants) were included in this systematic review. Our data showed that, compared to the placebo group, the proportion of patients achieving durable platelet response was significantly higher in the romiplostim group (p = 0.003, RR = 6.34, 95%CI = 1.89 – 21.23), as was the overall response in the romiplostim group (p = 0.002, RR = 3.62, 95%CI = 1.63 – 8.03). Significant bleeding incidents (p = 0.49), overall adverse events (p = 0.71) and the need for rescue treatment (p = 0.13) were not statistically different between the romiplostim and placebo groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Romiplostim might improve both durable and overall platelet response in children and adolescents with ITP, compared to a placebo. More clinical trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of romiplostim and to compare it with other second-line treatments that are being used in pediatric ITP.

PMID:36273985 | DOI:10.1016/j.htct.2022.09.1275

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