Nevin Manimala Statistics

3D-printed titanium surgical guides for extraction of horizontally impacted lower third molars

Clin Oral Investig. 2022 Nov 14. doi: 10.1007/s00784-022-04769-3. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: This prospective study introduced a digitally designed sectioning guide and evaluated its feasibility for the extraction of horizontally impacted lower third molars.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 38 horizontally impacted lower third molars, randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The teeth were extracted using a 3D-printed titanium surgical guide in the experimental group; free-hand extractions were performed in the control group. The surgical duration, tooth sectioning duration, cortical bone perforation, and postoperative complications, including pain, swelling, trismus, dry socket, infection, and hemorrhage, were evaluated.

RESULTS: Although not statistically significant, guided surgery tended to reduce the number of tooth sectioning steps compared to free-hand extractions. There were no cases of cortical bone perforation in the experimental group. Although the surgical duration was greater in the experimental group (p < 0.05), there were no differences in postoperative pain, swelling, and trismus. There were no cases of postoperative infection and hemorrhage in either group.

CONCLUSIONS: 3D-printed titanium surgical guides had superior accuracy and safety compared to free-hand surgery. Further studies with larger sample sizes are required to verify these findings.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The template improved the safety of tooth sectioning during impacted lower third molar surgery and resulted in a more predictable extraction. The narrow sectioning groove could fit comfortably with hypertrophic soft tissues in the posterior mandible.

PMID:36374352 | DOI:10.1007/s00784-022-04769-3

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala