Ir J Med Sci. 2022 Dec 1. doi: 10.1007/s11845-022-03239-9. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate urodynamic examination results and treatment methods of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) in patients with traumatic thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI).
METHODS: Ninety-one patients with traumatic thoracic SCI were included in the study. The urodynamic analyses of the patients were conducted retrospectively using their laboratory outcomes. The patients were divided into subgroups according to the sensory innervation of the bladder (T1-10/T11-12), the preservation of sensory functions in the sacral segment (complete lesion/incomplete lesion), and the duration of injury (< 6 months/ ≥ 6 months) and evaluations in subgroups were carried out.
RESULTS: A total of 91 patients (69 males, 22 females) were included in the study. When comparing between the subgroups, the sense of bladder fullness was preserved more in the T11-T12 group with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.001). While storage disorder, the rate of indwelling catheter use during hospitalization, bacterial growth of 105 CFU/ml in the urine culture, and anticholinergic drug recommendation after urodynamic examination were higher in the complete lesion group, the rate of spontaneous/catheter-free voiding, the number of patients in which sense of bladder fullness was preserved-partially preserved, and alpha-blocker drug recommendation after urodynamic examination was higher in the incomplete lesion group, with a statistically significant difference in all parameters (all p values < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that there are differences in neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction features in subgroups of traumatic thoracic SCI patients. Regular urinary system evaluation and necessary changes in treatment should be carried out in this patient group.