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Characteristics of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux in Patients of Different Genders and Ages

J Voice. 2022 Dec 23:S0892-1997(22)00387-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2022.11.035. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences in laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) characteristics between gender and age groups based on the Reflux Symptom Index (RSI), Reflux Finding Score (RFS) scale and 24-hour hypopharyngeal-esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (HEMII-pH) monitoring.

METHODS: The enrolled were patients with LPR symptoms completed the 24h-HEMII-pH monitoring and divided into two gender groups (male and female) and elderly group (>60 years), middle-aged group (41-60 years) and young group (18-40 years). The total RSI and RFS scores of individuals were counted. Various potential differences as well as incidence of each type of LPR events between gender and age groups were analyzed.

RESULTS: A total of 420 patients were included, with 333 (79.3%) diagnosed with LPR confirmed by 24h-HEMII-pH monitoring. Females (n=49) had a statistically higher LPR positivity (91.0% vs. 76.6%, P < 0.01) than males (n=342). Female patients with LPR had significantly higher RSI scores (14.08 ± 6.72 vs. 11.08 ± 4.82, P < 0.001) than male patients. The positive rate of LPR were 82.6%, 80.7% and 63.3% in the elderly, middle-aged and young groups. The Elderly group had significantly lower RSI scores (10.20 ± 4.06 vs. 12.80 ± 6.58, 12.24 ± 5.57, P < 0.001) but higher RFS scores (9.37 ± 3.25 vs. 8.16 ± 3.34, 8.57 ± 2.58, P < 0.05) than the other two groups. The number of acid hypopharyngeal-proximal reflux episodes (HREs) and distal esophageal acid reflux were significantly higher in elderly than in young patients. Except for non-acid gas HREs, the positive rates of other types of HREs were increasing from young to middle-aged to the elderly group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Female patients with suspected LPR symptoms had a higher positive rate of LPR and RSI score than males. The prevalence of LPR and the number of acid reflux were progressively increasing with age, but the perception of reflux symptoms may diminish.

PMID:36567235 | DOI:10.1016/j.jvoice.2022.11.035

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