J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2022 Dec 23. doi: 10.2459/JCM.0000000000001410. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a significant disease characterized by high mortality and complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence/100 000 inhabitants and the in-hospital mortality/100 000 inhabitants of IE during the last 10 years in the province of Ravenna.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the public hospitals discharge database from January 2010 to December 2020 using the international classification of disease codification (ICD-9) for IE. We used the Italian national statistical institute (ISTAT) archive to estimate the number of Ravenna inhabitants/year. In 10 years, we identified a total of 407 patients with diagnosis of IE.The incidence of IE increased significantly from 6.29 cases/100 000 inhabitants in 2010 to 19.58 cases/100 000 inhabitants in 2020 (P < 0.001). Also, the in-hospital mortality from IE increased over the same number of years, from 1.8 deaths/100 000 inhabitants in 2010 to 4.4 deaths/100 000 inhabitants in 2020 (P < 0.001). The mortality rate (%) of IE over the years did not increase (P = 0.565). Also, over the years there was no difference in the site of infection (P = 0.372), irrespective of the valve localization or type, native valve (P = 0.347) or prosthetic valve (P = 0.145). On logistic regression analysis, age was the only predictor of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 1.045, 95% confidence interval: 1.015; 1.075, P = 0.003).
CONCLUSIONS: Ravenna-based data on IE showed increased disease incidence but unchanged mortality rate over 10 years of follow-up. Age remains the sole predictor of population-based mortality, irrespective of the nature of the valve, native or substitute, and the organism detected on microbiology.