Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2023 Feb 1;35(2):174-180. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0000000000002486. Epub 2022 Dec 8.
OBJECTIVE: The first choice of treatment for rectal neuroendocrine tumors (R-NETs) 10 mm in size is endoscopic resection, there is still controversy concerning the optimal endoscopic treatment for resecting R-NETs. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of multiple ligation-assisted endoscopic submucosal resection combined with endoscopic ultrasonography (EMR-MLUS) for R-NETs.
METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 62 patients with R-NETs ≤10 mm in size who underwent EMR-MLUS or ligation-assisted endoscopic submucosal resection combined with endoscopic ultrasonography (EMR-LUS) between May 2019 and April 2022, including tumor characteristics, endoscopic complete resection, pathological complete resection, the procedure time, adverse events, and follow-up were compared between the two groups of patients.
RESULTS: Of the 62 patients, 19 underwent EMR-MLUS and 43 underwent EMR-LUS. The endoscopic morphology of lesions was statistically different between group EMR-MLUS and group EMR-LUS (P = 0.015), and most of them were flat and slightly raised lesions in group EMR-MLUS. Although the pathological complete resection rate was slightly higher in the EMR-MLUS group than in the EMR-LUS group (94.74% vs. 90.70%; P = 0.290), the endoscopic complete resection rate was high in both groups. Involvement of the lateral resection margin was found four cases in the ESMR-LUS group; one case of deep resection margin involvement in the EMR-MLUS group. The mean procedure time was longer in the EMR-MLUS group than in the EMR-LUS group (12.79 ± 1.01 min vs. 11.08 ± 1.89 min; P = 0.041). In group EMR-LUS, there were two cases of immediate bleeding; in group EMR-MLUS, one case of perforation, all of them were successfully treated by endoscopy. No recurrence, progression, or metastasis was found in all patients.
CONCLUSION: EMR-MLUS is a safe and effective technique that could be considered when removing small rectal NETs, especially flat and slightly raised lesions.