J Clin Virol Plus. 2023 Jan 11:100135. doi: 10.1016/j.jcvp.2023.100135. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: Lateral flow assays (LFA) are sensitive for detecting antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 proteins within weeks after infection. This study tested samples from immunocompetent adults, and those receiving treatments for chronic inflammatory diseases (CID), before and after mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccination.
METHODS: We compared results obtained with the COVIBLOCK Covid-19 LFA to those obtained by anti-spike (S) ELISA.
RESULTS: The LFA detected anti-S antibodies in 29 of 29 (100%) of the immunocompetent and 110 of 126 (87.3%) of the CID participants after vaccination. Semiquantitative LFA scores were statistically significantly lower in samples from immunosuppressed participants, and were significantly correlated with anti-S antibody levels measured by ELISA.
CONCLUSIONS: This simple LFA test is a practical alternative to laboratory-based assays for detecting anti-S antibodies after infection or vaccination. This type of test may be most useful for testing people in outpatient or resource-limited settings.