Curr Med Res Opin. 2023 Jan 16:1-13. doi: 10.1080/03007995.2023.2168418. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the relationships between changes in antipsychotic medication (AP) use and acute clinical events (identified with administrative claims data) for patients with FDA-approved indications for APs following transition from the community (eg, home) to a nursing home (NH) in a Medicare population.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using 100% Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) research identifiable files (RIF) claims data (2016 – 2018). Medicare beneficiaries with a condition for which APs are approved by the FDA were examined using logistic regression models to determine whether changes in AP use following transition from community to NHs were correlated with the likelihood of experiencing acute clinical events.
RESULTS: We identified 38,448 Medicare FFS beneficiaries meeting our study criteria. A change in AP use after transition to a NH did not have a statistically significant association with acute skeletal events, coronary artery events, or cerebrovascular events (p = 0.55, p = 0.69, and p = 0.59 respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Between 2016 and 2018, Medicare FFS patients with approved-use indications for APs had lower average AP use following transition to a NH. Changes in the use of other medications of interest largely followed a similar pattern, indicating that these medications did not tend to be used as substitutions for APs. No clear relationship exists between increases or decreases in AP use and adverse events among NH residents who used APs and had FDA-approved conditions in the community setting.